uganda is a small East African country with a capital and rail hub at Kampala. It is a largely agricultural country, based on a fertile plain where cotton, coffee, and several other crops are grown. There is also some mining. The population is primarily Bantu. Arabs traders dominated the area inthe 19th century. The region was unknown to Europeans until the late 19th century when explorers arrived: John Speke (1862) and Heney Stanley (1875). Britain established a protectorate (1894)
and later annexed adjacent territory. Uganda became independent with Sir Edward Mutessa II who was king of the Buganda Tribe (1962) Prime-minister Obote removed Mutessa and declared Uganda a "unitary" state (1966). Iddi Amin staged a military coupand waged a virtual reign of terror. One of Amin's actions was to expell the Indians (South Asians) which dominated the financial and merchant sector. This was a popular measure, but had a devestating impact on the Ugandan economy. Modern Uganda is engaged in a guerilla war with the nilhisic Lords Resistance Movement.
uganda is a small East African country with a capital and rail hub at Kampala.
Uganda is located in the Great Rift Valley where ancient hominids have been found. The countries of the Rift thus have humanities longest known history. Most of it, however, is pre-history. Thus we have to anthropologists and archeologits for the early history of Uganda which litterally goes back millions of years. The earliest people popultion we have any infomation on is the Bantu peoples who were engaged in agriculture (about 1000 BC). Sub-Saharan Africa had no written language until contact with the Arabs and Europeans. Iron working technology has been noted (around 1000 AD). Important social and political developments began with the appearances of chiefdomnates or small kingdomses in the fertile south and west. This included the Ankole, Buganda, Bunyoro, Busoga, and Toro kingdoms (17th and 18th centuries). Trade links were formed with Arab Sudan. Slaves were the major commodity which dominated the regional economy at the time. The Uganda chieftanates formed alliances which shifted over time. Eventually the Buganda Kingdom allied to the powerful Shirazis of Zanzibar, became the dominant power in what is now Uganda. Bugada gave Uganda its name. Zanzibar was the center of the East African/Inian Ocean slave trade. Buganda was ruled by Kabaka (traditional kings). They wre not absolute leaders. There authority was limited by a council of nobles. Buganda devloped a standing army and an important agriculture base. As a result, when Britain began its campaign against the Indian Ocean slave trade, Buganda was had thus not devestated economically. Arabs traders dominated the area in the 19th century. The region was unknown to Europeans until the late-19th century when explorers arrived: John Speke (1862) and Heney Stanley (1875). Britain established a protectorate (1894) and later annexed adjacent territory. Uganda became independent with Sir Edward Mutessa II who was king of the Buganda Tribe (1962) Prime-minister Obote removed Mutessa and declared Uganda a "unitary" state (1966). Iddi Amin staged a military coup and waged a virtual reign of terror. This had adevestating impact on the Ugandan econonomy as did his expulsion of the country's South Asians. The country, especially the economy, has never fully recovered. Modern Uganda is engaged in a guerilla war with the nilhisic Lords Resistance Movement.
Uganda is a largely agricultural country, based on a fertile plain where cotton, coffee, and several other crops are grown. There is also some mining. One of Amin's actions was to expell the Indians (South Asians) which dominated the financial and merchant sector. This was a popular measure, but had a devestating impact on the Ugandan economy.
Uganda is populated by many different ethnic groups. There is a basic split between two linguistic groups, the Nilotic North and the Bantu South. Bantu speakers are the largest single segment of the population. The Ganda are the major Bantu group, comprising as much as 20 percent of the overall population. Other important Bantu groups are the Soga, Gwere, Gisu, Nyole, Samia, Toro, Nyoro, Kiga, Nyankole, Amba, and Konjo. A substantial numbers of Rawanans sought refuge in Uganda (late-1960s and early 70s) and remained in the country for 2-3 decades, finally returning to Rawanda (mid-1990s).
Many tribes in the north speak Nilotic languages are represented by Acholi (Acoli), Alur, Kakwa, Karimojong, Kumam, Lango (Langi), Padhola, Sebei, and Teso constitute about 10 percent of the popultion. Central Sudanic peoples also live in the north, including the Lendu, Lugbara, and Madi which comprise a little less than 10 percent of the population.
The British during the colonial period were primarily concerned with the south. As a result, the economy, infrastructure, and educational facilities were primarily developed there. The Bantu people in the suth, as a result, dominated the economy, education, and government of independent Ugnda. The British, however, recruited the security forces from the north.
This inbalance between the economy and secruity forces reinforced by the ethnic/tribal differences has caused great problems.
We do not yet have much information on the activties in which Ugandan children participate. We have a little information on Ugandan schools.
Uganda has a comolex relgious structure. There are three primary religious traditions. The indigenous religious tradition is primitive and not organized animism. The British brought Christianity to Uganda in the 19th century as aresult of a very active missionary movement. As a result, about 80 percent of the population is Christian. The south is primarily Christian. Because the increasing religious toleratin in Victorian Britain, the Ugndan Christians are divivided into many different sects. The major denominations are Roman Catholics and Protestants (primarily Anglicans). Other Christian sects are also represented, including Seventh-day Adventists, Baptists, Greek Orthodoxy, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Latter-day Saints (Mormons), and Presbyterians. About 10 percent of the population is Muslim which is especially prominant in the north. A string penecostal movement during the 1930s has left an enduring mark on Ugandan Christianity. The differences between some of the Chistian denominations are surprisingly sharp. Islam is particularly promiant in the north. About 10 percent of the population is Muslim. In addition to the main stream religions, charismatic leades have created syncretic creeds freely mixing indigenous animist taditions with most Christian and Islamic beliefs.
There is a small Abayudaya Jewish community in eastern Uganda. They are not etnically part of the Jewish diapora, but converts from the early 20th century.
Arab traders were active in East Africa in the 19th century. I am not sure to what extent this affected clothing trends in the area. The Britih colonized Uganda at the end of the 19th century. Western clothing before World War II was largely restricted to Kampala Today boys throughout Uganda primarily wear Western-style clothing. Traditional clothing is today rarely seen.
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