Rwanda


Figure 1.-- This Rwandan boy is gathering Chyrsantrumum flowers whih are used to make pyrethrum (an insecticide). The photograph is undated, but looks to be made during the colonial era, perhps the 1940s.

Rwanda is a small East African country east of Zaire and Kake Kivu. The country in contrast to much of East Africa is well watered with lush vegetation. Thec teraine is undulating smll hills, known as the 'the land of a Thousand Hills". Much of it has been turned into small farms and tea plantations. It is perhaps best known as the home of some of the few surviving Mountain Gorillas, a third of Africa's birds spicies, and several other primates. There are volcanoes and game reserves. The climate is mild and temperate with two rainy seasons. Agriculture dominates the economy. Major crops include -coffee, tea, pyrethrum (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), bananas, beans, sorghum, potatoes, and livestock. Industry includes cement, agricultural products, beer production, soft drinks, soap, furniture, shoes, plastic goods, textiles, cigarettes, and pharmaceuticals. The population is primarily Hutus, but the minotity Tutsis have dominated society. Rwanda was a Belgian colony, but administrered separately from the Belgian Congo (Zaire). The population is largely Roman Catholic. the Hutus as the colony was moving toward independecne, rose up to overthrow the Tutsis (1959). Many Tutsis were killed and some 150,000 fled nto exile in neighboring countries. Belgium granted Rawnda independence shiortlky after leaving the Congo (1962) Simmering tribal tensions let to the Rawanda genocide (1994). Some such events like the NAZI genocide of Jews were very difficult to stop, The Rawandan genocide, however, coukd have been stopped with a relatively small force. The world, however, failed to react. And in only a few months, the Hutu majority murdered an estimated 1 million Tutsis. We do not yet have much information on Rwanda, but do have a school page.








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Created: 12:18 AM 4/2/2012
Last updated: 12:18 AM 4/2/2012