Bermuda


Figure 1.--This is a undated scenre at the St. Georges waterfront somr time during the 1910. Bermuda has aa a majority Black population. Most of the rest of he population is of British ancestry, but there are also people of mixed etnicities. race islanders. The people here are landing fish, but unlike the colder waters of the Grand Banks to the north, the waters around Bermuda are not particularly productive fishing grounds.

Bermuda is a British overseas territory in the western North Atlantic Ocean. It is located about 650 miles into the Atlantic off North Carolina. It is often group with the Caribbean ialands, but is in fact well to the north. Given its location, Bermuda is often struck by hurricanes. The island is actually only the largest island where the capital, Hamilton is located. There are some 300 coral islets, motly unihbited. It was well enough off the coast of North America that Native Americans nevere reached it and unlike the Caribbean islands to the south was unihabited when the Europeans arrived. The island is named after its discoverer, Spainard, Juan de Bermüdez (1515). The Spanish did not settle cthe island, in part because of the dangerous reefs. Settlement began when English colonists led by Sir George Somers headed for the North American mainland were ship wrecked (1609). The Bermuda population is primarily Afro-American, but the history is different than tht of the Cribbean because the climate and agricultural capacity did not support sugar plantations. The English settlers did import Africans as well as indentured servants. The absence of plantation agriculture, however, meant that slavery was never as harsh or as extensive as in the Cribbean. Much of the rest of the population is of English and Scotts-Irish ancestry. There are also people of other races and mixed races. The island is a popular vacation destination with pink sand beaches. Banking and tourism are the principal economic activity. Bermuda is noted for smart casual clothing. Most famous of course are Bermuda shorts.

Geography

Bermuda is a British overseas territory in the western North Atlantic Ocean. It is located about 650 miles into the Atlantic off North Carolina. It is often group with the Caribbean ialands, but is in fact well to the north. Given its location, Bermuda is often struck by hurricanes. The island is actually only the largest island where the capital, Hamilton is located. There are some 300 coral islets, motly unihbited.

History

Bermuda was well enough off the coast of North America that Native Americans nevere reached it and unlike the Caribbean islands to the south was unihabited when the Europeans arrived. The island is named after its discoverer, Spainard, Juan de Bermüdez (1515). The Spanish did not settle the island, in part because of the dangerous reefs. Settlement began when English colonists led by Sir George Somers headed for the North American mainland were ship wrecked (1609).

Economy

Early English colonists found that Nermuda was economically unviable. There was an attemot to grow tobacco, but it prived of low quality. The primary economic activity becme seafaring and vessel construction and mintenance. There was salt production on Turks Islands which Bermuda conntrolled for a time. The islands' Bermuda cedar (Juniperus bermudiana) trees proved useful for shipbuilding, but the small size of the islandss coulf mot sustaintain a major shipbuilding industry. Bermuda's intrepid mariners diversified their trade to include whaling and privateering. Britain paid little attention to Bermuda (17th and most of the 18th centuries). Britain's focus was on its profitable North American colonies. The American Revolution changed everything (1776-83). The loss of the 13 colonies left Britain without a naval base between Canada and the Caribbean. Bermuda became the headquarters of the Royal Navy West Atlantic Station. The Royal Naval Dockyard, Bermuda officially replaced the Royal Naval Dockyard, Halifax as the British headquarters for the North America and West Indies Station (1818). The Dockyards and other maritime activity became were the major econimic activity. Modern Bermuda is best known for its tourist industry, but it is the service industry tht is the pricipal component of the economy. The major component of the financial industru]y is interntional finsncil srvices. It accounts fpr 85 percent of the GDP. Tourism became important after world war I with the growth of the American economy and improved maritime travel. Booze was an attraction during Ameican prohibition. Even so, tourism generates only 5 percent of the GDP. In terms of employmnt it us much larger. Over 80 percent of the tourists come from the United States. The attractions re beautifil pink sand beaches and duty free shopping. Both financial services and tourism have declined since the 2008-09 recession. Evn so, Brmuda has the highest per capita income in the Americas, largely due to importance of the financial sector. Bermuda imports most of its food and almostall manufactured good.

Ethnicity

The Bermuda population is more tha half Black--some 55 percent. Over 30 percent is white. Most of the rest is mixed race mulatos. The ethnic history is different than that of the Caribbean because the climate and agricultural capacity did not support sugar plantations. The English settlers did import Africans as well as indentured servants. The absence of plantation agriculture, however, meant that slavery was never as harsh or as extensive as in the Caribbean. Much of the rest of the population is of English and Scotts-Irish ancestry--many brought to Bermud as convicts and endentured servants. . There are also small numbers of people people of other races.

Garments

Bermuda is noted for smart casual clothing. Most famous of course are Bermuda shorts.






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Created: 5:33 AM 8/17/2012
Last updated: 5:24 AM 3/31/2016