Philippines clothing styles have varied substantially over time. A Filipina (this is the Tagalog spelling and there's no English one) reader tells us that clothing styles have been affected by the Spanish which ruled the islands for three centuries. Traditional clothing for boys was baro and for girls saya. America which seized the Philippines from Spain (1898) also influenced fashion. The Japanese which occupied the country (1942-45) during World war II had less influence. The Philippines became independent after the War (1948). Our Filipina reader writes, "Currently we wear what Americans wear. But I have to admit I believe that we are more modest than the Americans because we are more concious about how much skin we show, due to our religion. Also the climate is very warm and sometimes very rainy, we wear what suits the climate.
The Philippines had strong trading partners with other countries in Asia like China, Japan, India, Arabia, Malaysia, Indonesia and Siam. As a trading center, pre-colonial Filipinos were influenced based on the sharing of knowledge from neighbor-countries.
The The Spanish goverened the Philippines for three centuries. They thus had a major influence on Philippines culture and clothing. Traditional clothing for boys was baro and for girls saya.
Spaniards made the native Filipinos who they called indios (Indians) to wear barongs untucked to distinguish them from the ruling class. An advantage for the Spanish was that when the natives wore barongs, it could be easily determinefd whether the wearer was bearing a weapon or not. There were some Filipinos, mostly villagers, who wore shirts that buttoned at the collar. They were called camisa de chino (Chinese shirts) which of course was adopted from Chinese clothing.
When the American came, Filipinos including the boys were taught how to wear the right and proper attire. During that time, all boys and men were wearing white polo shirt, white coat and white pants symbolizing good grooming and cleanliness. The Japanese briefly occupied the Philippines during World War II (1941-45). As far as I know, thy had no influence on clothing.
Most Filipino men and boys wear barongs with collar in attending formal occasions and coined a name Barong Tagalog. Because of the strong Western influence, they ear casual attire in attending the Sunday Mass and other casual occasions.
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