United States Boys' Clothes: Institutions


Figure 1.-- One institution which America help to found was the summer camp. The initial idea was to get city kids out into the fresh air and sunshine. Both the YMCA and the Boy Scouts played an important role in the summer camp movement. The American summer was an institution subsequently adopted in many other countries. This is a Jewish summer camp in 1951.

There are a wide range of institutions which are involved with children. The most obvious is of course schools. And America created one of the most succesful public schools in the world which help to educate no only American-born children, but to being immigrant children into the American mainstream. America did not create public education, although few countries did it as well. While American schools are similar to other countries, one destinctive school type ws the military boarding school. Tragically that system today has lost much of its vitality. One institution which America help to found was the summer camp. The initial idea was to get city kids out into the fresh air and sunshine. Both the YMCA and the Boy Scouts played an important role in the summer camp movement. The American summer was an institution subsequently adopted in many other countries. We also notice different kinds of charity borganizations like orphanages. Mostvstates have done away with orphanages, but they played an important role in the 19th and early-20th century. We do not see as many health sanatoriums as in Europe. Another type of institutional facility were reformatories for youthful offenders.

Schools

There are a wide range of institutions which are involved with children. The most obvious is of course schools. And America created one of the most succesful public schools in the world which help to educate no only American-born children, but to being immigrant children into the American mainstream. America did not create public education, although few countries did it as well. While American schools are similar to other countries, one destinctive school type ws the military boarding school. Tragically that system today has lost much of its vitality.

Recreational Institutions

One institution which America help to found was the summer camp. Summer camp now is a long established ritual for American boys which has roots in the late 19th century. The initial idea was to get city kids out into the fresh air and sunshine. Both the YMCA and the Boy Scouts played an important role in the summer camp movement. The American summer was an institution subsequently adopted in many other countries.

Charity Institutions

We also notice different kinds of charity organizations like orphanages. Most states have done away with orphanages, but they played an important role in the 19th and early-20th century. The situation in America was somewhat different than Britain, in part because the the Frontier and a less strict class system offered opportunities that were not available to the British poor. There was no national workhouse system in America. This was an issue addressed by local governments. The workhouse or house of correction in the United States is not a feature of the poor-law system of a commonwealth, but of its system of penology. It is usually a developed or modified county jail. The nearest American approach to such a test of aid-deserving poverty as the English workhouse is found in the woodyards and laundries maintained by charity organization societies. One unique American institution was the settlement homes to assist immigrant children abd their families.

Health Institutions

We do not see as many health sanatoriums as in Europe.

Correctional Institutions

Another type of institutional facility were reformatories for youthful offenders. America generally referred to institutions dealing with juvenile delinquents and other difficult children as reformatories. The actual names of specific refornatories varied widely. There were no national system of reformatories, but rather each state had their own system. Many charity groups set up instituions to deal with orphaned children, but reformatories were for children who usually had parents. They were designed to handle children deamed incorigible, but not yet convicted of serious crimes. This varied as children with bekhavioral problems such as truancy might be mixed with children running away from abusive parenys or children involved with petty crimes. Or their might be some children who had committed serious crimes, but because of their youth were not committed to adult prisons.






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Created: 12:48 AM 7/19/2010
Last updated: 12:48 AM 7/19/2010