German Royalty: Prussia--Friderich Wilhelm III (1797-1840)


Figure 1.--This is a Prussian royal prince painted in 1746, unfortunalely I have temprarily misplaced his name.

Frederick William was born in 1770 at Potsdam. His father was King Frederick William II (1744- ). His mother was Frederica Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751 Frederick William III acceded to the throne in 1797. It was under Frederick William III that Prussia and the Hohenzollerns faced one of their greatest hallenges--Revolutionary France and then Napoleon Bonaparte. They endured defeat after defeat until Napoleon's power was broken in Russia. It was under Frederick William that a Anglo-Prussian alliance finally defeated Napoleon. Wellington's British forces at Waterloo were hard pressed until Prussian General Blutcher arrived to crush the French right flank. Througout the first half of the 19th century, even after the defeat of Napoleon, the British looked on the Prussians and other Germans as allies (the British royal family was after all German) and tghe French as their mortal enemy. One result of the Napoleonic wars was the spread of nationalist sentiment throghout Europe that was to enable the Hohenzollerns with Bismark's guidance to unite Germany under a new Empire. Frederick William III married Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz in 1793. They had 10 children: The first child was a daughter who did not survive. The next two children were boys, both of whom would become kings of Prussia: Frederick William IV (1795-61) and William I (1797-88). William I was to succeed in fimally uniting the German states un a new Empire. The other children were: Alexandra (Charlotte) (1798- ), Frederica (1799- ), Charles (1801- ), Alexandrine (1803- ), Ferdinand (1804- ), Louise Augusta (1808- ), Albert (1809- ). Frederick William III married Princess von Leignitz von Harrach, Auguste in 1824. He died in 1840.

Parents

His father was King Frederick William II (1744- ). His mother was Frederica Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751- ).

Birth

Frederick William was born in 1770 at Potsdam.

Childhood

We do not yet have any information on Wilhelm's childhood.

Acession

Frederick William III acceded to the throne in 1797. It was under Frederick William III that Prussia and the Hohenzollerns faced one of their greatest hallenges--Revolutionary France and then Napoleon Bonaparte. They endured defeat after defeat until Napoleon's power was broken in Russia. It was under Frederick William that a Anglo-Prussian alliance finally defeated Napoleon. Wellington's British forces at Waterloo were hard pressed until Prussian General Blutcher arrived to crush the French right flank. Througout the first half of the 19th century, even after the defeat of Napoleon, the British looked on the Prussians and other Germans as allies (the British royal family was after all German) and tghe French as their mortal enemy. One result of the Napoleonic wars was the spread of nationalist sentiment throghout Europe that was to enable the Hohenzollerns with Bismark's guidance to unite Germany under a new Empire.

Mairrage

Frederick William III married Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz in 1793.

Children

Wilhelm and Louise had 10 children. Two were to become kings of Prussia and one of them Emperor of a new unified German Empire. A daughter was to become Russian Tsarina.

Daughter

The first child was a daughter who did not survive.

Friederich Wilhelm IV

His oldest son was born in 1795 and became King Friedrich-Wilhelm IV. He died without leaving any children in 1861.

Frederick William IV/William I

His second son was born in 1797 and suceeded his older brother in 1861. He became the first Kaiser of a new unified German Empire. He died in 1888.

Alexandra (Charlotte)

Alexandra was born in 1798. Her mairred the Tsar Nicholas I of Russia and became Tasrina.

Frederica

Federica was born in 1799, but died as an infant in 1800.

Charles

Charles was born in 1801. He married Princess Marie of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach in 1827. Their first son was Friderich Karl was born in 1827. he was particularly disliked by the Crown Prince who became Friedrich III and his English wife Victoria. Fiederich Karl was a boorish man who in later life would blurt out that no one arm man, according referring to Friedrich's son Wilhelm, sould ever rise to the throne.

Alexandrine

Alexandrine was born in 1803.

Ferdinand

Ferdinand was born in 1804.

Louise Augusta

Louise Augusta was born in 1808.

Albert

Albert was born in 1809.

Last Years

He died in 1840.








Christopher Wagner








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Created: July 8, 2001
Last updated: July 8, 2001