European Royalty: The Dutch Monarchy--Queen Juliana (1948-80)


Figure 1.--

Crown Princess Juliana was born in 1909. Princess Juliana in 1937 married Berhard von Lippe-Biesterfeld (1911- ) and they had four children. The Princess escaped with her mother to Britain (May 1940). The Queen sent the Princess to Canada in case the Germans also invaded Britain and Juliana spent the war there. Queen Wilhelmina in 1948, after a reign of 50 years, abdicated the throne for her daughter Juliana.

Parents


Childhood

Crown Princess Juliana was born in 1909.

Childhood Clothes


Education


Marriage (1937)

Princess Juliana in 1937 married Berhard von Lippe-Biesterfeld (1911-2004). There was considerable controversy when the groom's family at pre-wedding festivities priceeded to give the NAZI salute. The Duke of Kent and Princess Alice of Athlone were there when it occurred. The Dutch denied passports to many German relatives for the wedding.

World War II (1939-45)

The Netherlands had a very small army. The country had remained neutral in World War I and hoped to do the same wgen World War II broke out (1939). The NAZI invasion surprised most Dutch people. The Princess escaped with her mother to Britain (May 1940). H.M. the Queen stayed in London, with the Dutch government of which she was the formal head. The Queen sent the Princess to Canada in case the Germans also invaded Britain and Juliana spent the war there. Queen Wilhelmina had just one child, the then Crown Princess Juliana who stayed in Canada during the war with her two eldest children, Beatrix (1938- ) and Irene (1939- ). Prince Bernhard shuttled between Canada and London were he coordinated the Dutch resistance movement. Their third child was born in Ottawa (1943) and named Margriet.

Accension (1948)

Queen Wilhelmina in 1948, after a reign of 50 years, abdicated the throne for her daughter Juliana.

Children

Queen Juliana and her husband had five children:

Beatrix (1938- )

As the eldest child of Princess Juliana and Prince Bernhard, Beatrix succeeded her mother in 1980. Queen Juliana in 1980 was succeeded by Beatrix, the present Dutch monarch. Beatrix, Wilhelmina, Armgard is the current Queen of the Netherlands. Beatrix was born in in 1938 with the title Princess of Oranje Nassau, Princess of Lippe-Biesterfeld. Beatrix went to college in Leiden, where she obtained the doctoral in laws. Since the age of 18 she sits on the "Raad van State", the State Council. Princess Beatrix mairred Prince Claus, Jonkheer von Amsberg (1926- ) in 1966. The mairrage was quite controversial at the time. He was a German diplomat and because of the NAZI occupation there was considerable anti-German feeling. They had three boys.

Irene (1939- )

Renounced her rights, married Carlos Hugo de Bourbon-Parma (1930- ) in 1964 and divorced 1981. Their children included: Carlos de Bourbon-Parma (1970-), Jaime de Bourbon-Parma (1972- ), Margarita de Bourbon-Parma (1972- ), and Carolina de Bourbon-Parma (1974- ).

Margriet (1943- )

Princess Margriet was born in Canada during World War II. She married Pieter van Vollenhoven (1939- ) in 1967. Their had four children. 1) Maurits (1968- ), married 1998 Marie-Helène; Angela (Marilène) van den Broek (1970- ), youngest daughter of the politician Hans van den Broek (1936- ) and Joséphine Adriana Antoinette van Schendel (1943- ). The marriage took place on May 29/30, 1998 in Apledoorn. 2) Berhard (1969- ), c3) Pieter-Christiaan (1972- ), and 4) Floris (1975- ).

Maria Christina ("Marijke" before 1964) (1947- )

The fourth daughter was born in 1947 after the royal family had returned to the Netherlands. She was christened Marijke. [She later preferred to be called her second Christian name Christina. A Dutch reader writes, "This was much to the disappointment of my parents who had christened their third child Marijke in 1949. Maria Christina renounced her rights, married 1975, divorced 1996, Jorge Guillermo (1946- ). Children: 1) Bernardo Guillermo (b1977), 2) Nicolás Guillermo (1979- ), and Juliana Guillermo (b1981).

Succession (1980)

Queen Juliana in 1980 was succeeded by Beatrix, the present Dutch monarch. Beatrix, Wilhelmina, Armgard is the current Queen of the Netherlands.






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Created: 5:45 PM 12/17/2004
Last updated: 5:45 PM 12/17/2004