Just as you can not assume that children with long hair are girls, it is also true that you can not assume that children with short hair are boys. What we want to do here is to assess stylistic and chronolgical trends associated with girls' hair styles. We want to assess styles like bangs, curls, parts, and other hair styles. Girls have generally worn their hair long, in some cases very long. We have, however, seen many short cuts as well. This of course has varied very widely over time and among vountries. In general. girls have had much more flexibikity than boys as to how they wore thei hair. We see long, medium, and short hair done in many different styles.
The children's hair styles are an important issue in assessing many old photographs whih are often unidentified. The gendr of the children is often obvioyus, but a boys in the 19th and early 20th century not uncommonly wore dresses, assessing the hair style become important in assessing gender. One factor is the hair part. Many boys wore bangs or other styles without disernable parts. When parts are discernable, left parts seem the most common. We notice that many girls seem to have center or right parts. This is our initial assessment and it needs to be confirmed. Here there are differences over time and among counties. Here we need to develop more information on these trends. We note numerous photographs of boys with long hair during the lte 19th and early 20th cebtury. Thus hair can be very confusing when assessing gender. One useful guideline is that in school potraits we believe that virtually all of the children with long hair are girls. What we often are confused about is all the girls with short hair. This became even more common after World War I in the 1920s when girls bgan bobbing their hair (1914-18)
Girls' hair styling can take consideranle time. Boys might comb their hair and ne ready to go in a minute or two, even for formal occassions. This was not the case for girls, especially girls with long hair. This had to be brushed daily. Here for girls, mother had to help. Only by the teen years were girls able to do this without any help. And if any kind of fancy haor styling was chosen, the time involved could be much longer. This was especially the case for ringlet curls. It could take an hour or more to curl hair and was aainstaking effort. And the curling did not last long and had to be repeated to make the curls last long. Other hair styles like braiding also took some time. For girls this was an importnt activity for mother and daughter. Other styles like pig tails took a lot less time, but whatever the style it was much more of an effort than what the boys put into their hair.
Women's hair styles are commonly more elaborate and more complicated than men's styles. we theorize that the success and safety of women was more dependent on their beauty allure than that of men where physical prowess was important. This commonly often meant long hair while boys had short hair. This has been the case throughout the ages. You can see it in the art even of ancient socities--not all, but most. Of course our interest is children's hair styling. But the same ynmic seems to be the case. Mother's generally give more attention to styling the hair of theirvdauhters than their sons. And girls seem nore interested in fashion and hair styling. this difference seems to appear at a very young age. This is a helpful clue when attempting to establish the gender of unidentified photographs. Most of the photigraphic images we have archived are not identified. Thus we have to attempt to assess gender and ages and sometimes even countries. This was while a general rule, however, not always the case. We see many boys with long, elaborate ringlet curls and many girls with short hair simple hair styles. we know that bobbed hair became popular for girls in the 1920s, but even in the 19th century we see many girls with short hair. Oddly, mothers o chose Fauntleroy ringlet curls for their boys ofren chose plainer styles for boys. We are not sure if this tells us anything about the children involved such as were they less fashion concious. One especially important style for girls hair is hairbows, but here again they were also worn by boys.
There is an emense body of evidence about women's hair styling, including a substantial amount about girls. This is because of the art work created by civilizations. Thus we have evidence dating back to ancient times. We have even more information on medieval times because of the huge amont of art work, especially by the middle, middle ages and the Renaissance. A good example is the work of Florintine artist Bastiano Mainardi (1460 – 1513). Long hair was a standard for beauty and styling for young women during the 19th century. Even so, we note many girls with short hair as well. This was the case throughout the 19th century. A good example is a young New York City girl in the mid 19th century. A major change occurred after World War I when bobbed hair for girls became stylish in the 1920s.
Some schools had regulations about both girls and boys hair styles. For some reason the schools seem to have given more attention to boys' hair, but this may be because we know less about girls' hair styles. The hair styles as well as the regulations have varied over time. There are also differences among countries. This is an interesting topic that we have not yet developed in detail. We do have a page on Russia.
Navigate the Boys' Historical Clothing Web Site:
Main hair style page]
[Return to the Main girls page]
[Introduction] [Activities] [Biographies] [Chronology] [Clothing styles] [Countries]
[Bibliographies] [Contributions] [Essays] [FAQs] [Glossaries] [Images] [Links] [Registration] [Tools]
[Boys' Clothing Home]