Figure 1.--This boy wears the Hitler Youth winter cap. Notice the HJ pin on the cap. Also note the kerchief and woggle and the unbutoned collar.
The Hitler Youth has engendered considerable interest. A substantial body of persoanl accounts and scholarship exists on the NAZI youth group. Some Informative studies of the Hitler Youth are listed here. HBU hads not been able to review all of these books. We would be very interested in any insights that readers may obtain from their readings on the subject.
The books here are the most informative that we have found and focus specifically on the Hitler Youth.
Angolia, R. J. The Hitler Youth.
Ayer, Eleanor. Edited, Parallel Journeys (Aladdin Paperbacks, March 2000). Includes autobiographies by Helen Waterford and Alfons Heck (former Hitler Youth). Heck authored of "A Child of Hitler," which was basis for the documentary: Heil Hitler!.
Baker, Philip. Youth Led by Youth (three volumes).
Barwell, Keith. Hitler Youth--Hitlerjugend in Peace and War (2000). (isbn 076039469)
Hermand, Jost. A Hitler Youth in Poland
Heyes, Eileen. Children of the Swastika.
Kerstan, Reinhold. Blood and Honor (World Wide; David E. Cook Publishing
1980): This book is a first person account. It was published by World Wide,
which is/was part of the Billy Graham Ministry, and its primary focus is how
one's faith in Jesus helped him survive the programming and other horrors of Nazi Germany. "Blood and Honor" is what is written on the Hitler Youth knives/daggers, if memory serves me. It might now be out of print.
Littlejohn, David. MA, ALA Hitler Youth. A reader tells us, "The Littlejohn book
in particular is, in my opinion, the best book on the subject. You can purchase a copy for about $35 and it's well worth the money for the sheer amount of research it went into it.
Rempel, Gerhard. Hitler's Children: The Hitler Youth and the SS (Chapel Hill, N.C.: The University of North Carolina Press, 1989).
Unknown. Boyhood in Germany.
Many books dek more generally on German youth, but contain important information on the Hitler youth. Informative works about German youth and education in general include:
Blackburn, Gilmer W. Education in the Third Reich: A Study of Race and History in Nazi Textbooks (Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press, 1985.
Boll, Heinrich. What's to Become of the Boy or: Something to Do with Books (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1984.)
Bruleigh, Michael and Wolfgang Wippermann. The Racial State: Germany 1933-1945 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991).
Engelmann, Bernt. In Hitler's Germany: Everyday Life in the Third Reich (New York: Pantheon Books, 1986).
Gay, Peter. My German Question: Growing up in Nazi Berlin (Yale University
Giles, Geoffrey J. Students and National Socialism in Germany (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1985).
Herbst, Jurgen, Requiem for a German Past: A Boyhood among the Nazis
(University of Wisconsin Press, 1999).
Hermand, Jost, A Hitler Youth in Poland: The Nazis Program for Evacuating
Children During World War II (Northwestern University Press, 1997).
Koch, H.W. The Hitler Youth: Origins and Development 1922-1945 (New York: Stein and Day, 1975, 2000).
Kreuger, Horst. A Crack in the Wall: Growing Up Under Hitler New York: Fromm, 1982.
Lacquer, Walter. Young Germany: A History of the German Youth Movement (New York: Transaction, c1962, 1984).
Mann, Erika. School for Barbarians: Education Under the Nazis (New York: Modern Age Books, 1938).
Melchior, Ib and Frank Brandenburg. Quest: Searching for Germany's Nazi Past: A Young Man's Story (Novato, Calif.: Presidio, 1990).
Figure 2.--I believe this is an image from "Triumph of the Will"--the classic NAZI propaganda film about the 1935 Nurenburg party rally.
Merkl, Peter H. The Making of a Stormtrooper. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1980.
Meyer, Walter. Tommorrow Will Be Better: Surviving Nazi Germany (University
of Missouri Press, 1999).
Noakes, J. and G. Pridham, eds. "Youth and Education" in Nazism: A History in Documents and Eyewitness Accounts, 1919-1945. New York: Schocken, 1984.
Nizkor Project, "Nazi Conspiracy & Aggression Individual Responsibility Of Defendants: Baldur Von Schirach".
Noakes, J. and G. Pridham, ed. Nazism: A History in Documents and
Eyewitness Accounts, 1919-1945, (Department of History and Archaeology at the University of Exeter, 1983).
Perel, Solomon. Europa, Europa (John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1997).
Peukert, Detlev. "Youth in the Third Reich" in Life in the Third Reich, edited by Richard Bessel. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.
Posner, Gerald L. Hitler's Children: Sons and Daughters of the Leaders of the Third Reich Talk about Themselves and Their Fathers (New York: Random House, 1991 and or Berkley Books, 1991).
Sax, Benjamin and Dieter Kuntz, eds. "Hitler Youth and Education" in Inside Hitler's Germany: A Documentary History of Life in the Third Reich (Lexington, Mass.: D.C. Heath and Company, 1992).
Stachura, Peter D. The German Youth Movement 1900-1945. (St. Martin's Press: New York 1981).
Steinberg, Michael Stephen. Sabers and Brown Shirts: The German Students' Path to National Socialism 1918-1935 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, c1973, 1977).
Walker, Lawrence D. Hitler Youth and Catholic Youth 1933-1936: A Study in Totalitarian Conquest (Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1970).
Weber, R.G.S. The German Student Corps in the Third Reich (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1986).
Fiction books about Hitler Youth or boyhoods in Nazi Germany:
Uhlman, Fred. Reunion
Uhlman, Fred, Reunion (Noonday Press, 1997)..
Van Dantzig, Rudi. For A Lost Soldier
HBC thanks Chris Crawford and Jeffrey Stadt for their valuable contributions to the bibliography.
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