German School Levels: Kindergarten

Figure 1.-- "

Kindergarten is a classroom program designed for pre-school children. The precise age has varied over time, any whwere from 3-4 to 5-7 years. Kindergarten are essentially for children before they begin school. They are a combination child care and school preparatory facility. There was no consistency, largely because the facilities were not government facilities but largely established by a range of churches, charities, community groups, and corporations--especially large manufacturing plnts. The children go home for lunch. There are both fll day and half day programs. , it may be that they are there only a halfday. Kindergarten may be private, from a church or another organisation (e.g., a plant), The program is designed to developing social skills in a group setting that the children will need when they begin school. Kindergartens work on social skills, self-esteem, and early efforts to begin to develop a child's academic ability. The Germans are also notable for the development of pre-school Kindergarten, a major development in education. The first Kindergartens were introduced by Friedrich Fröbel in 1837. Because Kindergartens proved so important, Fröebel became an important figure in educational history, known as "Father of Kindergarten". Fröbel with his Kindergarten developed educational practices that have been widely adopted in pre-school education. Fröebelbelieved that play was an important part of the educational process for younger children. He saw his Kindergartens as places for children to learn from the social interaction with other children. Fröebel wrote a book explaining his theories and practices. His theories were not immediately endorsed by educational authorities. Many thought the idea of encouraging play as a valuable educational activity was perposterous. The Kindergarten movement, however, affected school systems around the world. Americans even retain the German name in their pre-schools, although it is often spelled kindergarden. Kindergartens were established in the 19th century, but did not become widely adopted until the 20th century. Children can go to Kindergarten , but it is not compulsory. Unlike other public schools, there are for most parents fees required to enroll children in Kindergarten.


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Created: 6:57 AM 7/29/2006
Last updated: 6:57 AM 7/29/2006