Major Geographic Features


Figure 1.--

There are some geographic features that have played key roles in world history. They include bodies of water, deserts, planes, and mountains. Surely the most important is the vast Eurasian Steppe. One author claim that the stepp's 'pitiless' climate bred hard and cruel men. [Kaplan] We are not sure about that, but the Steppe did bread warring tribes. They struck out of the Steppe to the east and west. To the north and south the Steppe horsemen were stopped by the Arctic barrier and to the south the Gobi Desert and Himilayas. China has been the linch-pin of history, affecting European history before the Europeans were even aware of China. When China was strong the steppe tribes struck west. During periods of weakness in China the steppe tribes invaded the Middle Kingdom. The Himilayas and the Alps were both mountain shields. River systems have played a huge tole in history, critical in the very rise of civilization. Agriculture and civilization were born in great river valleys. Rivers like the Nile, Tigris-Eurprates, Congo, Amazon, Mississippi, Yelow Yangste, Volga, Rhine, Danube, and others have played enormous roles in world history and economics. And until the 19th century and the development of railroads they were critical to commerce. The English Channel has even before Roman times played a huge role in English history and as a result European history. It was the Channel that stopped the Spanish, Napoleon, and Hitler with enormous politica and economic consequences. Oceanns and seas have both united peoples through facilitating commerce as well as isolating the Native American peoples in North and South America. The Sahara is another major feature which seems to have played a major role in peopleing the Nile Valley and determining the ethnic makeup of North Africa and Equarorial Africa. One of the most notable geographic features is Gibraltar. It is a huge rock set in one of the most critical points imaginable. This peninsular at the southern tip of Spain has played an enormous role in history. An Anglo-Dutch force seized Gibraltar from Spain during the War of the Spanish Succession (1704). Spain was forced to cede Gibraltar to Britain 'in perpetuity' under the Treaty of Utrecht (1713). It became an important base for the Royal Navy, especially during the Napoleonic Wars and World War II.

Eurasian Steppe

There are some geographic features that have played key roles in world history. They include bodies of water, deserts, planes, and mountains. Surely the most important is the vast Eurasian Steppe. One author claim that the Stepp's 'pitiless' climate bred hard and cruel men. [Kaplan] We are not sure about that, but the Steppe did bread warring tribes. They struck out of the steppe to the east and west. To the north and south the Steppe horsemen were stopped by the Arctic barrier and to the south the Gobi Desert and Himilayas. China has been the linch-pin of history, affecting European history before the Europeans were even aware of China. When China was strong the steppe tribes struck west. During periods of weakness in China the steppe tribes invaded the Middle Kingdom.

Mountain Chain

The Himilayas and the Alps were both mountain shields. Mountains were normally a matter of isolation and barriers to trade and commerce, meaning the spread of civilization. Civilization developed in river valleys and plains. One exception is the Andes. Here important advanced civilizations developed as well as one of the most important agricultural crops--the potato.

Bodies of Water

Oceanns and seas have both united peoples through facilitating commerce as well as isolating the Native American peoples in North and South America. Agriculture and civilization were born in great river valleys. Rivers were the high ways of the ancient and medieval worlds. River systems have played a huge tole in history, critical in the very rise of civilization. The location and flow of rivers has had enormous impact on thhuman settlement and commerce. Rivers like the Nile, Tigris-Eurprates, Indus, Congo, Amazon, Mississippi, Yelow, Yangste, Volga, Rhine, Danube, and others have played enormous roles in world history and economics. And until the 19th century and the development of railroads they were critical to commerce. The English Channel has even before Roman times played a huge role in English history and as a result European history. It was the Channel that stopped the Spanish, Napoleon, and Hitler with enormous politica and economic consequences.

Deserts

The Sahara is another major feature which seems to have played a major role in peopleing the Nile Valley and determining the ethnic makeup of North Africa and Equarorial Africa.

Other Features

One of the most notable geographic features is Gibraltar. It is a huge rock set in one of the most critical points imaginable. This peninsular at the southern tip of Spain has played an enormous role in history. An Anglo-Dutch force seized Gibraltar from Spain during the War of the Spanish Succession (1704). Spain was forced to cede Gibraltar to Britain 'in perpetuity' under the Treaty of Utrecht (1713). It became an important base for the Royal Navy, especially during the Napoleonic Wars and World War II.

Sourcs

Kaplan, Robert D. The Revenge of Geography: What the Map Tells Us About the Coming Conflicts and the Battle Against Fate (2012).







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Created: 7:33 PM 12/9/2014
Last updated: 7:33 PM 12/9/2014