Norwegian Schools: Chrnology

Figure 1.--Norway had to endure 5 years of NAZI occupation. Only Czechoslovakia was occupied for a longer period. This photograph shows a Norwegian father taking his son to his first day of school in 1945. It looks like the beginning of school after the German surrender and the end of World War II. The flowers would have been for the teacher. It doesn't look like the greatest boquet, but of course it is the thought that counts.

Norway and the rest of Scandinavia did not have organized schools through much of the medevil era. Soon after Chrstianization and becoming an archdiocese (1153), cathedral schools were established to train priests. The first schools were created in Trondheim, Oslo, Bergen, and Hamar. Haakon VI (1339-80) was the last separate Norwegian king for 500 years. There was a brief union with Sweden (1319- 1343). Haakon also served as king of Sweden and then engaded in war with Sweden. He married Margaret, the daughter of King Waldemar IV. Their son, King Olaf, became king of both Norway and Denmark. As a result, when Christian III became king, Luterenism became the state religion in both Denmark and Norway (1537). The cathedral schools became Latin schools. The Crown required all market towns to have such a school. The sandinavian countries like Germany were leaders in ublic educatio. Norway passed to Sweden (17th century). The Crown required basic education, especally reading (1736), although actual implemetation took some time. Norway introduced the folkeskole (people's school), a primary school (1837), but only made mandatory for 7 years (1889). It tool a nearly another cenury to extend this to 9 years (1969). A factor here was Northsea oil which provided the financing to build a modern school system. The folkeskole was abolished and the grunnskole (foundation school) was introduced (1970s-80s). Some poorer counties (Finnmark and Hedmark) still have large number of children who only complete the compulsory primary education level.


Related Chronolgy Pages in the Boys' Historical Web Site
[The 1880s] [The 1890s] [The 1900s] [The 1910s] [The 1920s] [The 1930s] [The 1940s] [The 1930s] [The 1940s] [The 1950s] [The 1960s] [The 1970s] [The 1980s]

Related Style Pages in the Boys' Historical Web Site
[Long pants suits] [Knicker suits] [Short pants suits] [Socks] [Eton suits] [Jacket and trousers] [Blazer] [School sandals] [School smocks] [Sailor suits] [Pinafores] [Long stockings]

Navigate the HBC School Section
[Return to the Main Norwegian school page]
[Return to the Main school uniform country page]
[About Us]
[Activities] [Chronology] [Clothing styles] [Countries] [Debate] [Economics] [Garment] [Gender] [Hair] [History] [Home trends] [Literary characters]
[School types] [Significance] [Transport and travel [Uniform regulations] [Year level] [Other topics]
[Images] [Links] [Registration] [Tools]
[Return to the Historic Boys' School Home]

Created: 10:03 AM 11/11/2016
Last updated: 10:03 AM 11/11/2016