We see Yugoslav children wearing a wide variety of clothes to schoo;, both stylish clothing and until after world war Ii graditional clothing. A fe private schools, we think religious schools, had unforms. The styles of course changed over time, in part becuse of the very substantial political changes that have affected the country and changing school regulations. The regular clothes were affected by changing fashion trends. There were also major diffeences between rural an urban ares until after World War II. There were also differences depending on the type of schools. City children commonly wore suits to school in the early 20th century. This was especially the case in secondary schools. The fashionable clothing were vasicallg styles worn in other countries, especoally Hedrmany and France. We see a lot of younger children wearing sailor suits befire World war II. We also see H-bar style pants. .
We see Yugoslav children wearing both regular clothes and uniforms to school. This has of course changed over time, in part becuse of the very substantial political changes that have affected the country and changing school regulations. World War II was a major dividing line. Before the war, traditioinal styles were common, but then rapidly diappeared.
The clothes Serbian children wore to school have of course varied over time, beginning in the mid-19th countury when public schools began to appear. They were thus affected by changing fashion trends. We see Serbian children wearing all kinds of different clothes, including stylish clothes. A few private schools may havd had uniforms, but foir the most part, Serbian children wore their regular clothes. The children wire their regular clothes, there were no specific school styles, although some secondary schools had caps like the Germans. This was all the case in the cities. It is difficult to identify Serbian children based on these clothes. This is because the styles are basically garments and styles worn in other European countries, especially Germany but to some extent France as well. We see children that we might identify as German or French if we did not known that they were Serbian or at least Yugoslav. So unless there is some provinance associated with the photograph, there is no way of identifying Serbian images. Now Serbia before World War II wwas still a very rural country with a substantial part of the population still wearing traditiinal clothing. We see that in rural village school portraits. Here we can identify Serbian clothing or at least Balkan traditional clothing.
We have noted some Serbian school children wearing uniforms done in a variety of styles, including some destinctive styles. Our information on school uniforms is still limited, but we do have some basic information. Uniforms were not very common in primary schools, although we have noted a few primary schools that did have uniforms. Some were rather destinctive. Uniforms were much more common in secondary schools. Some were miitary styles. Many schools had school caps done in a variety of styles. One boarding school had a sailor suit uniform. We have not noted any other schools with sailor suit uniforms. The Communists after they seized power at the end of World War II seem to have introduced asic school uniforms. They may also be worn at some private schools in modern Serbia.
There were also major diffeences between rural an urban ares until after World War II. There were also differences depending on the type of schools. City children commonly wore suits to school in the early 20th century.
Serbian schools follow the basic organization of primary and secondary schools. Many children in the 19th century did not even attend primary scholl and educatin was a major problem into the 2oth century. Most children that did attend school never got beyond the primary level, especially in rural areas. We believe that for the most part primary childrn wore their own clothes to school. We see a lot of younger children wearing sailor suits. We also have noted a few primary schools that had uniforms. The schildren that went on to secondary schools teded to dress more formally. We note boys wearing suits to school, mostly to secondary schools. We also see uniforms at secondary schools.
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