Finnish Summer Camps: Chronology

Figure 1.--This undated photograph was taken at a summer camp in Northern Savonia, a region of eastern Finland in the lake areas northeast of Helsinki. We would guess that the photograph was taken about 1930. The children look rather over dressed for summer camp, the girls even wear pinafores. That was not very common at summer camps. They look more like they are dressed for school. Interesting picture. A reader writes, 'The woman at the far right in the group looks dark-skinned as does the girl, presumably her daughter. I know that there is a sizable Swedish minority in Finland, but I wonder where these two came from.' A reader tells us that they are probably Lapps.

Summer camp has become a popular activity for Finnish children. We are not sure when the first summer camp was opened. We do see some camps before World War II. Here we see a camp in the lake distruict of Northern Savonia about 1930 (figure 1). Most of information we have found, however, comes from the post-War era. As far as we can tell, the Finnish summer camp movement is largely a post-World War II development. Our information, however, is still very limited. Before the War, Finland was a largely agricultural rural country. After the War, Finland rapidly industrialized and there was a substantial increase in the urban population. As the core of the summer camp movement was to get city children out into the countryside there they could experrience nature and get fresh air and sunshine.


Related Chronolgy Pages in the Boys' Historical Web Site
[The 1880s] [The 1890s]
[The 1900s] [The 1910s] [The 1920s] [The 1930s] [The 1940s] [The 1930s] [The 1940s] [The 1950s]
[The 1960s] [The 1970s] [The 1980s]

Related Style Pages in the Boys' Historical Web Site
[Long pants suits] [Knicker suits] [Short pants suits] [Socks] [Eton suits] [Jacket and trousers]
[Blazer] [School sandals] [School smocks] [Sailor suits] [Pinafores] [Long stockings]

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Created: 7:03 PM 5/24/2011
Last updated: 12:18 AM 5/26/2011