Japanese School Headwear: Gender Trends--Chronology

Figure 1.-- e do not notice any major changes in Japanese school headwear during the early-21st century. These Hiroshima primary students wear a similar uniform (October 2009). The unifirm is brown, blue was much more common. The difference between the boys and girls is the standard one. The boys wear short oants and the girls skirts. Also notice the headwear. The boys wear cadet caps while the girls wear broad0brimmed sailor hats. Notice that the boys' caps are blue. We uspect tht the cadet caps were not made in brown.

The headwear styles worn by boys and girls at Japanese schools have varied over time. From the beginning there wre different styles of headwear for boys and girls. We do not yet have much information in the 19th century. The new schools openened after the Mejii Resoration did not require uniforms (1870s). We note boys beginning to wear Prussian cadet caps with traditional garments (late-19th century). Girls school headwear is more difficult to assess in the early years because the focus in Japanese education was at first on boys. We know much more about the 20th century. We see many boys wearing Prussian cadet caps with traditional dress. Gradually we see Western-style unifirms replacing the traditional grments. We mostly see military styles during and before World War II. The boys wore cadet and army caps. The girls wore sailor hats. After the War we see much more varied headwear for bith boys and girls. The major change was ghst the uniform became a matter for each scjool to decide rather than determined on a national basis by the Ministry of Education. The army caps rapidly disappeared, but cadet caps and sailor hats continued to be worn at many schools. ome schools introduced baseball caps for the boys which becme increaingly popular in the late-20th century. We also see rounded crown hats,, Both boys and girls wore these ht. And we se boy boys and girls wearing a variety of soft hats. Other schools adopted a range of different styles for boys and girls. We have not yet noted any major changes in the 21st century.


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Created: 11:11 PM 8/2/2012
Last updated: 11:11 PM 8/2/2012