਀㰀䠀吀䴀䰀㸀 ਀ schools education national systems -- Latin America and the Caribbean ਀㰀氀椀渀欀 爀攀氀㴀∀愀瀀瀀氀攀ⴀ琀漀甀挀栀ⴀ椀挀漀渀∀ 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⼀椀洀愀最攀昀⼀最椀昀⼀昀愀瘀椀挀漀渀猀⸀椀挀漀∀㸀 ਀㰀䴀䔀吀䄀 一䄀䴀䔀㴀∀䐀攀猀挀爀椀瀀琀椀漀渀∀ 䌀伀一吀䔀一吀㴀∀䰀愀琀椀渀 䄀洀攀爀椀挀愀 愀渀搀 琀栀攀 䌀愀爀椀戀戀攀愀渀 眀攀爀攀 挀漀氀漀渀椀稀攀搀 戀礀 䔀渀最氀愀渀搀Ⰰ 䘀爀愀渀挀攀Ⰰ 琀栀攀 一攀琀栀攀爀氀愀渀搀猀Ⰰ 倀漀爀琀甀最愀氀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 匀瀀愀椀渀⸀  吀栀甀猀 琀栀攀爀攀 愀爀攀 愀 最爀攀愀琀 洀椀砀琀甀爀攀 漀昀 攀搀甀挀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 愀瀀瀀爀漀愀挀栀攀猀 愀渀搀 猀礀猀琀攀洀猀⸀  吀栀椀猀 椀猀 愀 氀椀琀琀氀攀 挀漀洀瀀氀椀挀愀琀攀搀 愀猀 琀栀攀爀攀 眀愀猀 渀漀 琀爀愀搀椀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 瀀甀戀氀椀挀 攀搀甀挀愀琀椀漀渀 椀渀 倀漀爀琀甀最愀氀 愀渀搀 匀瀀愀椀渀 愀琀 琀栀攀 琀椀洀攀 漀昀 椀渀搀攀瀀攀渀搀攀渀挀攀⸀  吀栀攀 䌀栀甀爀挀栀 栀愀搀 瀀氀愀礀攀搀 琀栀攀 洀愀樀漀爀 爀漀氀攀 椀渀 攀搀甀挀愀琀椀漀渀 戀攀昀漀爀攀 琀栀攀 眀愀爀猀 昀漀爀 椀戀渀搀攀瀀攀渀搀攀渀挀攀⸀  䴀愀渀礀 漀昀 琀栀攀 渀攀眀氀礀ⴀ椀渀搀攀瀀攀渀搀攀渀琀 䰀愀琀椀渀 䄀洀攀爀椀挀愀渀 挀漀甀渀琀爀椀攀猀 琀甀爀渀攀搀 琀漀 挀漀甀渀琀爀椀攀猀 氀椀欀攀 䘀爀愀渀挀攀 愀搀 䜀攀爀洀愀渀礀 昀漀爀 洀漀搀攀氀猀 眀栀攀渀 琀栀攀礀 戀攀最愀渀 琀漀 戀甀椀氀搀 渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 瀀甀戀氀椀挀 攀搀甀挀愀琀椀漀渀 猀礀猀琀攀洀猀⸀  䄀渀 椀猀猀甀攀 栀攀爀攀 眀愀猀 琀栀攀 爀漀氀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䌀栀甀爀挀栀⸀  䐀椀昀攀爀攀渀挀攀猀 戀攀琀眀攀攀渀 䰀椀戀攀爀愀氀 猀攀挀甀氀愀爀椀猀琀猀 愀渀搀 挀漀渀猀攀爀瘀愀琀椀瘀攀 䌀愀琀栀漀氀椀挀猀 眀愀猀 愀 洀愀樀漀爀 瀀漀氀椀琀椀挀愀氀 搀椀瘀椀搀攀 琀栀爀漀甀最栀漀甀琀 䰀愀琀椀渀 䄀洀攀爀椀挀愀 椀渀 琀栀攀 ㄀㤀琀栀 挀攀渀琀甀爀礀Ⰰ  䴀愀渀礀 挀漀甀渀琀爀椀攀猀 栀愀瘀攀 愀搀漀瀀琀攀搀 猀挀栀漀漀氀 甀渀椀昀漀爀洀猀⸀  䔀渀最氀椀猀栀 猀琀礀氀攀猀 愀爀攀 椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀 椀渀 琀栀攀椀爀 昀漀爀洀攀爀 挀漀氀漀渀椀攀猀Ⰰ 戀甀琀 猀漀洀攀 挀漀甀渀琀爀椀攀猀 氀椀欀攀 䌀栀椀氀攀 愀渀搀 倀攀爀甀 栀愀瘀攀 愀搀漀瀀琀攀搀 䔀渀最氀椀猀栀 猀琀礀氀攀搀 甀渀椀昀漀爀洀猀⸀  伀琀栀攀爀 挀漀甀渀琀爀椀攀猀 栀愀瘀攀 甀猀攀搀 戀愀猀椀挀 欀栀愀欀椀 挀氀漀琀栀攀猀⸀  匀攀瘀攀爀愀氀 挀漀甀渀琀爀椀攀猀Ⰰ 攀猀瀀攀挀椀愀氀氀礀 䄀爀最攀渀琀椀渀愀 愀渀搀 唀爀甀最甀愀礀Ⰰ 栀愀瘀攀 愀搀漀瀀琀攀搀 猀挀栀漀漀氀 猀洀漀挀欀猀 愀猀 眀漀爀渀 椀渀 匀瀀愀椀渀 愀渀搀 䤀琀愀氀礀ⴀⴀ愀渀 椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀 椀洀洀椀最爀愀渀琀 最爀漀甀瀀⸀ 圀椀琀栀 瀀栀漀琀漀猀 愀渀搀 琀攀砀琀⸀ ∀㸀 ਀㰀䴀䔀吀䄀 一䄀䴀䔀㴀∀䬀攀礀圀漀爀搀猀∀ 䌀伀一吀䔀一吀㴀∀䰀愀琀椀渀 䄀洀攀爀椀挀愀Ⰰ 䌀愀爀椀戀戀攀愀渀Ⰰ 䌀攀渀琀爀愀氀 䄀洀攀爀椀挀愀Ⰰ 攀搀甀挀愀琀椀漀渀Ⰰ 猀挀栀漀漀氀Ⰰ 猀挀栀漀漀氀猀Ⰰ 猀挀栀漀漀氀 甀渀椀昀漀爀洀猀Ⰰ 猀挀栀漀漀氀 猀礀猀琀攀洀猀Ⰰ 攀搀甀挀愀琀椀漀渀 猀礀猀琀攀洀Ⰰ∀㸀 ਀㰀⼀䠀䔀䄀䐀㸀 ਀ ਀ ਀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀⼀椀洀愀最攀昀⼀最椀昀⼀氀漀最漀猀甀氀猀⸀最椀昀∀㸀
਀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀⼀椀洀愀最攀昀⼀最椀昀⼀昀氀愀最爀甀氀攀⸀最椀昀∀㸀㰀⼀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀
਀㰀戀爀㸀

National Education Systems: Latin America

Latin America and the Caribbean were colonized by England, France, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain. Thus there are a great mixture of educational approaches and systems. This is a little complicated as there was no tradition of public education in Portugal and Spain at the time of independence. The Church had played the major role in education before the wars for ibndependence. Many of the newly-independent Latin American countries turned to countries like France and Germany for models when they began to build national public education systems. An issue here was the role of the Church. Diferences between Liberal secularists and conservative Catholics was a major political divide thrroughout Latin America in the 19th century, Many countries have adopted school uniforms. English styles are important in their former colonies, but some countries like Chile and Peru have adopted English styled uniforms. Other countries have used basic khaki clothes. Several countries, especially Argentina and Uruguay, have adopted school smocks as worn in Spain and Italy--an important immigrant group.਀㰀戀爀㸀

Caribbean

਀㰀瀀㸀 吀栀攀 䌀愀爀椀戀戀攀愀渀 椀猀 琀栀攀 洀漀猀琀 搀椀瘀攀爀猀攀 愀爀攀愀 漀昀 䰀愀琀椀渀 䄀洀攀爀椀挀愀⸀  吀栀攀 爀攀猀琀 漀昀 䰀愀琀椀渀 䄀洀攀爀椀挀愀 椀猀 搀漀洀椀渀愀琀攀搀 戀礀 䤀戀攀爀椀愀渀 挀甀氀琀甀爀攀Ⰰ 攀椀琀栀攀爀 䈀爀愀稀椀氀 漀爀 匀瀀愀椀渀⸀  吀栀攀 䌀愀爀椀戀戀攀愀渀 栀愀猀 愀 洀甀挀栀 眀椀搀攀爀 挀甀氀琀甀爀愀氀 搀椀瘀攀爀猀椀琀礀⸀  䈀爀椀琀愀椀渀 椀猀 瘀攀爀礀 椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀 椀渀 琀栀攀 䌀愀爀椀戀戀攀愀渀 眀椀琀栀 猀攀瘀攀爀愀氀 昀漀爀洀攀爀 挀漀氀漀渀椀攀猀 ⠀琀栀攀 䈀愀栀愀洀愀猀Ⰰ 䈀愀爀戀愀搀漀猀Ⰰ 䨀愀洀愀椀挀愀Ⰰ 吀爀椀渀椀搀愀搀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 愀 渀甀洀戀攀爀 漀昀 猀洀愀氀氀攀爀 椀猀氀愀渀搀猀⤀⸀  匀瀀愀椀渀 挀攀爀琀愀椀渀氀礀 椀猀 椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀 椀渀 琀栀攀 䌀愀爀椀戀戀攀愀渀⸀  匀攀瘀攀爀愀氀 漀昀 琀栀攀 氀愀爀最攀爀 椀猀氀愀渀搀猀 ⠀䌀甀戀愀Ⰰ 䐀漀洀椀渀椀挀愀渀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 倀甀攀爀琀漀 刀椀挀漀⤀ 愀爀攀 昀漀爀洀攀爀 匀瀀愀渀椀猀栀 挀漀氀漀渀椀攀猀⸀  䄀渀搀 漀琀栀攀爀 䔀甀爀漀瀀攀愀渀 挀漀甀渀琀椀攀猀 ⠀䐀攀渀洀愀爀欀Ⰰ 䘀爀愀渀挀攀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 琀栀攀 一攀琀栀攀爀氀愀渀搀猀⤀ 栀愀搀 挀漀氀漀渀椀攀猀⸀  吀栀攀 唀渀椀琀攀搀 匀琀愀琀攀猀 椀猀 愀氀猀漀 瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀 眀椀琀栀 倀甀攀爀琀漀 刀椀挀椀漀⸀  䄀渀搀 琀栀攀爀攀 愀爀攀 攀琀栀渀椀挀 搀椀昀昀攀爀攀渀挀攀猀⸀  吀栀攀 一愀琀椀瘀攀 䄀洀攀爀椀挀愀渀猀 漀渀 琀栀攀 椀猀氀愀渀搀猀 眀攀爀攀 氀愀爀最攀氀礀 攀砀琀攀爀洀椀渀愀琀攀搀 搀甀爀椀渀最 琀栀攀 攀愀爀氀礀 匀瀀愀渀椀猀栀 攀爀愀 愀渀搀 爀攀瀀氀愀挀攀搀 眀椀琀栀 䄀昀爀椀挀愀渀 猀氀愀瘀攀猀⸀  吀栀攀 䄀昀爀椀挀愀渀 瀀漀瀀甀氀猀琀椀漀渀 椀猀 最爀攀愀琀攀爀 椀渀 琀栀攀 䌀愀爀椀戀戀攀愀渀 琀栀愀渀 洀漀猀琀 漀昀 琀栀攀 爀攀猀琀 漀昀 䰀愀琀椀渀 䄀洀攀爀椀挀愀⸀  吀栀攀 攀挀漀渀漀洀椀攀猀 愀爀攀 愀氀猀漀 搀椀昀昀攀爀攀渀琀 眀椀琀栀 爀攀氀愀琀椀瘀攀氀礀 氀椀洀椀琀攀搀 渀愀琀甀爀愀氀 爀攀猀漀甀爀挀攀猀⸀  吀栀攀 瀀甀戀氀椀挀 攀搀甀挀愀琀椀漀渀 猀礀猀琀攀洀 漀渀 琀栀攀 椀猀氀愀渀搀猀 栀愀猀 戀攀攀渀 最攀渀攀爀愀氀氀礀 甀渀搀攀爀昀甀渀搀攀搀Ⰰ 瀀爀椀洀愀爀椀氀礀 戀攀挀愀甀猀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 最攀渀攀爀愀氀氀礀 瀀漀漀爀 攀挀漀渀漀洀椀攀猀 漀昀 琀栀攀 愀爀攀愀⸀  唀渀氀椀欀攀 漀琀栀攀爀 挀漀甀渀琀爀椀攀猀 眀椀琀栀 氀椀洀椀琀攀搀 渀愀琀甀愀爀愀氀 爀攀猀漀甀爀挀攀猀 ⠀䨀愀瀀愀渀Ⰰ 匀椀渀最愀瀀漀爀攀Ⰰ 匀漀甀琀栀 䬀漀爀攀愀Ⰰ 吀愀椀眀愀渀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 漀琀栀攀爀猀⤀Ⰰ 渀漀 䌀愀爀椀戀戀攀愀渀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀 栀愀猀 猀甀挀攀攀搀攀搀 椀渀 戀甀椀氀搀椀渀最 愀 洀漀搀攀爀渀 瀀爀漀猀瀀攀爀漀甀猀 攀挀漀渀漀洀礀⸀ 䰀椀洀椀琀攀搀 攀砀瀀攀渀搀椀琀甀爀攀猀 漀渀 攀搀甀挀愀琀椀漀椀渀 椀猀 渀漀琀 栀攀氀瀀椀渀最 琀栀攀 挀漀甀琀爀椀攀猀 椀渀瘀漀氀瘀攀搀 戀甀椀氀搀 洀漀搀攀爀渀 攀挀漀渀漀洀椀攀猀⸀  䌀甀戀愀 漀昀 愀氀氀 琀栀攀 挀漀甀渀琀椀攀猀 椀渀 琀栀攀 爀攀最椀漀渀 栀愀猀 瀀氀愀挀攀搀 琀栀攀 最爀攀愀琀攀猀 攀洀瀀栀愀猀椀猀 漀渀 攀搀甀挀琀椀漀渀⸀  䈀甀琀 戀攀挀愀甀猀攀 漀昀 䌀愀猀琀爀漀 愀渀搀 䌀漀洀洀渀椀猀洀Ⰰ 䌀甀渀愀 栀愀猀 戀攀攀渀 琀爀愀渀猀昀漀爀渀攀搀 昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀 眀攀愀氀琀栀椀攀猀琀 䌀愀爀椀戀戀攀愀渀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀 琀漀 漀渀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 瀀漀漀爀攀猀琀⸀  
਀㰀栀㈀㸀䌀攀渀琀爀愀氀 䄀洀攀爀椀挀愀㰀⼀栀㈀㸀

਀㰀戀爀㸀

Belize

਀㰀瀀㸀 䈀攀氀椀稀攀 椀猀 琀栀攀 漀渀氀礀 䌀攀渀琀爀愀氀 䄀洀攀爀椀挀愀渀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀 琀栀愀琀 眀愀猀 渀漀琀 愀 瀀愀爀琀 漀昀 琀栀攀 匀瀀愀渀椀猀栀 䔀洀瀀椀爀攀Ⰰ 䈀攀氀椀稀攀 眀愀猀 䈀爀椀琀椀猀栀 䠀漀渀搀甀爀愀猀 愀渀搀 琀栀攀 攀搀甀挀愀琀椀漀渀 猀礀猀琀攀洀 椀猀 琀栀甀猀 椀渀昀氀甀攀渀挀攀搀 戀礀 琀栀攀 䈀爀椀琀椀猀栀 攀搀甀挀愀琀椀漀渀 猀礀猀琀攀洀⸀ 吀栀攀 攀搀甀挀愀琀椀漀渀 栀愀猀 琀栀攀 猀琀愀渀搀愀爀搀 琀栀爀攀攀 氀攀瘀攀氀猀㨀 瀀爀椀洀愀爀礀Ⰰ 猀攀挀漀渀搀愀爀礀 愀渀搀 琀攀爀琀椀愀爀礀⸀ 倀爀椀洀愀爀礀 攀搀甀挀愀琀椀漀渀 椀猀 愀 挀漀洀瀀甀氀猀漀爀礀 㠀 礀攀愀爀 瀀爀漀最爀愀洀Ⰰ 挀漀渀猀椀猀琀椀渀最 漀昀 ㈀ 礀攀愀爀猀 漀昀 椀渀昀愀渀琀 挀氀愀猀猀攀猀 愀渀搀 愀渀漀琀栀攀爀 㘀 礀攀愀爀猀⸀ 䤀渀昀愀渀琀猀 椀猀 愀 䈀爀椀琀椀猀栀 琀攀爀洀 昀漀爀 琀栀攀 礀漀甀渀最攀爀 瀀爀椀洀愀爀礀 礀攀愀爀猀⸀ 吀栀攀 猀攀挀漀渀搀愀爀礀 攀搀甀挀愀琀椀漀渀 椀猀 愀 㐀 礀攀愀爀 瀀爀漀最爀愀洀⸀ 䴀愀渀礀 䈀攀氀椀稀攀 猀挀栀漀漀氀猀 愀爀攀 愀昀昀椀氀椀愀琀攀搀 眀椀琀栀 挀栀甀爀挀栀 戀甀琀 愀氀猀漀 愀爀攀 猀甀瀀瀀漀爀琀攀搀 戀礀 琀栀攀 最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀ 吀栀攀 琀攀爀琀椀愀爀礀 猀礀猀礀洀攀渀 挀漀渀猀椀猀琀猀 漀昀 琀栀攀 唀渀椀瘀攀爀猀椀琀礀 䌀漀氀氀攀最攀 漀昀 䈀攀氀椀稀攀 昀漀甀渀搀攀搀 椀渀 ㄀㤀㠀㘀 愀渀搀 猀攀瘀攀爀愀氀 挀漀氀氀攀最攀猀 椀渀挀氀甀搀椀渀最 琀栀攀 䈀攀氀椀稀攀 吀攀愀挀栀攀爀猀✀ 䌀漀氀氀攀最攀Ⰰ 䈀攀氀椀稀攀 吀攀挀栀渀椀挀愀氀 䌀漀氀氀攀最攀 愀渀搀 䌀漀氀氀攀最攀 漀昀 䄀最爀椀挀甀氀琀甀爀攀⸀ 倀爀椀洀愀爀礀 猀挀栀漀漀氀猀 愀爀攀 氀漀挀愀琀攀搀 愀氀氀 漀瘀攀爀 琀栀攀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀Ⰰ 洀愀欀椀渀最 攀搀甀挀愀琀椀漀渀 愀瘀愀椀氀愀戀氀攀 攀瘀攀渀 椀渀 爀甀爀愀氀 愀爀攀愀猀⸀ 匀攀挀漀渀搀愀爀礀 愀爀攀 氀漀挀愀琀攀搀 椀渀 琀栀攀 琀漀眀渀猀 愀戀搀 挀椀琀椀攀猀 愀渀搀 琀栀甀猀 愀瘀愀椀氀愀戀氀攀 琀椀 琀栀攀 爀甀爀愀氀 瀀漀瀀甀氀愀琀椀漀渀⸀ 匀漀洀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䈀攀氀椀稀攀愀渀 猀挀栀漀漀氀猀 眀椀琀栀 琀栀攀 栀椀最栀攀猀琀 愀挀愀搀攀洀椀挀 猀琀愀渀搀愀爀搀猀 愀爀攀㨀 匀琀⸀ 䨀漀栀渀 嘀椀愀渀渀攀礀 刀漀洀愀渀 䌀愀琀栀漀氀椀挀 倀爀椀洀愀爀礀 匀挀栀漀漀氀Ⰰ 䠀漀氀礀 刀攀搀攀攀洀攀爀 倀爀椀洀愀爀礀 匀挀栀漀漀氀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 匀愀椀渀琀 䄀渀搀爀攀眀✀猀 倀爀椀洀愀爀礀 匀挀栀漀漀氀 䈀攀氀椀稀攀⸀  
਀㰀栀㈀㸀䌀漀猀琀愀 刀椀挀愀㰀⼀栀㈀㸀

਀㰀戀爀㸀

Guatemala

਀㰀瀀㸀
਀㰀栀㈀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀氀愀⼀挀愀⼀栀漀渀⼀猀甀ⴀ栀漀渀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䠀漀渀搀甀爀愀猀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀栀㈀㸀

Honduras is a relatively poor Central American country. The country is so poor that until the late-1950s there was not even a national education system. For the most part, only families which could afford tom pay tuition at private schools could arrange to educate their children. Reforms passed in 1957 launced the effort to build a national system of free public schools. The government of Ramón Villeda Morales (1957-63) began to build the country's first national public school system. The Secretaría de Educación de Honduras (SDEDH--Department of Education) is the Government agency responsible for administering public education. The Honduran Constitution now mandates a free primary education for every Honduran child between the ages of 7-14 years of age. This is more of a goal than a reality. The country faces a lackm of schools especially in rural areas, both teacher shortages and poor training, inadequate teaching materials needed for these schools. As a result public education is often unavailable and of a poor quality. Thus, families that can afford to do so, generally send their children to private schools. The SDEDH reports that illiteracy is still widespread, an estimated 40 mpercebnt and perhaps doube that in rural areas. A substantial number of Honduran children still do not receive any formal education. The situation is especially severe in rural areas. Where they do exist, children often have no way of getting there if they live beyond walking distance. Even so, many schools are badly overcrowed. Some teachers have as many as 70-80 children in their classroom. ਀ ਀㰀℀  䔀猀瀀攀挀椀愀氀氀礀 椀渀 爀甀爀愀氀 愀爀攀愀猀Ⰰ 猀挀栀漀漀氀猀 愀爀攀 渀漀琀 爀攀愀搀椀氀礀 愀挀挀攀猀猀椀戀氀攀⸀ 圀栀攀渀 琀栀攀礀 愀爀攀 愀挀挀攀猀猀椀戀氀攀Ⰰ 琀栀攀礀 漀昀琀攀渀 挀漀渀猀椀猀琀 漀昀 樀漀椀渀琀ⴀ最爀愀搀攀 椀渀猀琀爀甀挀琀椀漀渀 琀栀爀漀甀最栀 漀渀氀礀 琀栀攀 琀栀椀爀搀 最爀愀搀攀⸀ 匀挀栀漀漀氀猀 愀爀攀 猀漀 甀渀搀攀爀猀琀愀昀昀攀搀 琀栀愀琀 猀漀洀攀 琀攀愀挀栀攀爀猀 栀愀瘀攀 甀瀀 琀漀 攀椀最栀琀礀 挀栀椀氀搀爀攀渀 椀渀 漀渀攀 挀氀愀猀猀爀漀漀洀⸀ ਀伀渀氀礀 㐀㌀ 瀀攀爀挀攀渀琀 漀昀 挀栀椀氀搀爀攀渀 攀渀爀漀氀氀攀搀 椀渀 瀀甀戀氀椀挀 猀挀栀漀漀氀猀 挀漀洀瀀氀攀琀攀 琀栀攀 瀀爀椀洀愀爀礀 氀攀瘀攀氀⸀ 伀昀 愀氀氀 挀栀椀氀搀爀攀渀 攀渀琀攀爀椀渀最 琀栀攀 昀椀爀猀琀 最爀愀搀攀Ⰰ 漀渀氀礀 ㌀  瀀攀爀挀攀渀琀 最漀 漀渀 琀漀 猀攀挀漀渀搀愀爀礀 猀挀栀漀漀氀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 漀渀氀礀 㠀 瀀攀爀挀攀渀琀 挀漀渀琀椀渀甀攀 琀漀 琀栀攀 甀渀椀瘀攀爀猀椀琀礀⸀ ਀吀栀攀 焀甀愀氀椀琀礀 漀昀 椀渀猀琀爀甀挀琀椀漀渀 椀渀 䠀漀渀搀甀爀愀渀 瀀甀戀氀椀挀 猀挀栀漀漀氀猀 椀猀 最爀攀愀琀氀礀 椀洀瀀愀椀爀攀搀 戀礀 瀀漀漀爀 琀攀愀挀栀攀爀 琀爀愀椀渀椀渀最⸀ 吀栀攀 猀椀琀甀愀琀椀漀渀 椀猀 眀漀爀猀攀渀攀搀 戀礀 琀栀攀 攀砀琀爀攀洀攀氀礀 氀漀眀 眀愀最攀猀 瀀愀椀搀 琀漀 琀攀愀挀栀攀爀猀Ⰰ 氀愀挀欀 漀昀 攀昀昀攀挀琀椀瘀攀 愀渀搀 甀瀀ⴀ琀漀ⴀ 搀愀琀攀 椀渀猀琀爀甀挀琀椀漀渀 洀愀琀攀爀椀愀氀猀Ⰰ 漀甀琀搀愀琀攀搀 琀攀愀挀栀椀渀最 洀攀琀栀漀搀猀Ⰰ 瀀漀漀爀 愀搀洀椀渀椀猀琀爀愀琀椀漀渀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 氀愀挀欀 漀昀 瀀栀礀猀椀挀愀氀 昀愀挀椀氀椀琀椀攀猀⸀ ਀䈀攀挀愀甀猀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 搀攀昀椀挀椀攀渀挀椀攀猀 漀昀 瀀甀戀氀椀挀 攀搀甀挀愀琀椀漀渀Ⰰ 琀栀攀 礀攀愀爀猀 猀椀渀挀攀 ㄀㤀㜀  栀愀瘀攀 猀攀攀渀 琀栀攀 瀀爀漀氀椀昀攀爀愀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 瀀爀椀瘀愀琀攀 猀挀栀漀漀氀猀⸀ 圀椀琀栀 昀攀眀 攀砀挀攀瀀琀椀漀渀猀Ⰰ 栀漀眀攀瘀攀爀Ⰰ 瀀爀椀瘀愀琀攀 攀搀甀挀愀琀椀漀渀 椀猀 瀀漀瀀甀氀愀爀氀礀 瘀椀攀眀攀搀 愀猀 愀 瀀爀漀昀椀琀ⴀ洀愀欀椀渀最 攀渀琀攀爀瀀爀椀猀攀⸀ 䜀爀攀愀琀 猀欀攀瀀琀椀挀椀猀洀 爀攀洀愀椀渀猀 爀攀最愀爀搀椀渀最 琀栀攀 焀甀愀氀椀琀礀 漀昀 琀栀攀 攀搀甀挀愀琀椀漀渀 琀栀愀琀 瀀爀椀瘀愀琀攀 猀挀栀漀漀氀猀 漀昀昀攀爀⸀ ਀吀栀攀 一愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 䄀甀琀漀渀漀洀漀甀猀 唀渀椀瘀攀爀猀椀琀礀 漀昀 䠀漀渀搀甀爀愀猀 ⠀唀渀椀瘀攀爀猀椀搀愀搀 一愀挀椀漀渀愀氀 䄀甀琀渀漀洀愀 搀攀 䠀漀渀搀甀爀愀猀ⴀⴀ唀一䄀䠀⤀ 椀猀 琀栀攀 瀀爀椀洀愀爀礀 椀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 栀椀最栀攀爀 氀攀愀爀渀椀渀最⸀ 䰀漀挀愀琀攀搀 椀渀 吀攀最甀挀椀最愀氀瀀愀Ⰰ 琀栀攀 唀一䄀䠀 眀愀猀 昀漀甀渀搀攀搀 椀渀 ㄀㠀㐀㜀 愀渀搀 戀攀挀愀洀攀 愀渀 愀甀琀漀渀漀洀漀甀猀 椀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀椀漀渀 椀渀 ㄀㤀㔀㜀⸀ 吀栀攀 甀渀椀瘀攀爀猀椀琀礀 栀愀猀 愀瀀瀀爀漀砀椀洀愀琀攀氀礀 ㌀ Ⰰ    猀琀甀搀攀渀琀猀Ⰰ 眀椀琀栀 戀爀愀渀挀栀攀猀 椀渀 匀愀渀 倀攀搀爀漀 匀甀氀愀 愀渀搀 䰀愀 䌀攀椀戀愀⸀ ਀䠀漀渀搀甀爀愀猀 挀漀甀渀琀猀 琀栀爀攀攀 瀀爀椀瘀愀琀攀 甀渀椀瘀攀爀猀椀琀椀攀猀Ⰰ 渀漀渀攀 漀昀 眀栀椀挀栀 椀猀 礀攀琀 挀漀渀猀椀搀攀爀攀搀 愀 挀爀攀搀椀戀氀攀 攀搀甀挀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 愀氀琀攀爀渀愀琀椀瘀攀 琀漀 琀栀攀 瀀爀攀猀琀椀最椀漀甀猀 唀一䄀䠀⸀ 伀渀攀 椀猀 琀栀攀 攀砀琀爀攀洀攀氀礀 猀洀愀氀氀 䨀漀猀 䌀攀挀椀氀椀漀 搀攀氀 嘀愀氀氀攀 唀渀椀瘀攀爀猀椀琀礀 椀渀 吀攀最甀挀椀最愀氀瀀愀⸀ 䄀渀漀琀栀攀爀 瀀爀椀瘀愀琀攀 甀渀椀瘀攀爀猀椀琀礀 椀猀 琀栀攀 䌀攀渀琀爀愀氀 䄀洀攀爀椀挀愀渀 吀攀挀栀渀漀氀漀最椀挀愀氀 唀渀椀瘀攀爀猀椀琀礀Ⰰ 愀氀猀漀 椀渀 吀攀最甀挀椀最愀氀瀀愀⸀ 吀栀攀 琀栀椀爀搀 瀀爀椀瘀愀琀攀 甀渀椀瘀攀爀猀椀琀礀 椀猀 琀栀攀 唀渀椀瘀攀爀猀椀琀礀 漀昀 匀愀渀 倀攀搀爀漀 匀甀氀愀⸀ ਀䠀漀渀搀甀爀愀猀 攀搀甀挀愀琀椀漀渀 愀渀搀 猀挀栀漀漀氀椀渀最 椀猀 最爀攀愀琀氀礀 椀洀瀀爀漀瘀椀渀最 琀栀愀渀欀猀 琀漀 搀漀渀愀琀椀漀渀猀 愀渀搀 瘀漀氀甀渀琀攀攀爀 攀昀昀漀爀琀猀 琀栀爀漀甀最栀漀甀琀 琀栀攀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀⸀  䄀猀 椀渀 洀漀猀琀 琀栀椀爀搀ⴀ眀漀爀氀搀 挀漀甀渀琀爀椀攀猀Ⰰ 䠀漀渀搀甀爀愀猀 猀椀洀瀀氀礀 搀漀攀猀 渀漀琀 栀愀瘀攀 琀栀攀 昀椀渀愀渀挀椀愀氀 爀攀猀漀甀爀挀攀猀 琀漀 瀀爀漀瘀椀搀攀 瀀甀戀氀椀挀 猀挀栀漀漀氀猀Ⰰ 漀爀 琀爀愀渀猀瀀漀爀琀愀琀椀漀渀 琀漀 猀甀挀栀 猀挀栀漀漀氀猀Ⰰ 琀栀爀漀甀最栀漀甀琀 椀琀猀 洀愀渀礀 爀甀爀愀氀 愀爀攀愀猀⸀  栀漀渀搀甀爀愀猀 攀搀甀挀愀琀椀漀渀 ਀倀爀椀瘀愀琀攀 椀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀椀漀渀猀 栀愀瘀攀 猀琀攀瀀瀀攀搀 椀渀Ⰰ 琀栀愀渀欀昀甀氀氀礀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 渀漀眀 漀昀昀攀爀 洀愀渀礀 漀瀀瀀漀爀琀甀渀椀琀椀攀猀 昀漀爀 攀愀最攀爀 䠀漀渀搀甀爀愀渀 猀琀甀搀攀渀琀猀 椀渀 洀愀渀礀 漀甀琀氀礀椀渀最 愀爀攀愀猀⸀ 吀栀攀爀攀 愀爀攀 挀漀甀爀猀攀猀 漀昀 猀琀甀搀礀 愀瘀愀椀氀愀戀氀攀 戀攀礀漀渀搀 琀栀攀 攀氀攀洀攀渀琀愀爀礀 戀愀猀椀挀猀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 攀瘀攀渀 琀栀攀 挀栀漀椀挀攀 漀昀 愀琀琀攀渀搀椀渀最 愀 瘀漀挀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 猀挀栀漀漀氀 漀爀 唀渀椀瘀攀爀猀椀琀礀⸀ - See more at: http://www.honduras.com/honduras-education/#sthash.95tpuTJN.dpu (Department of Education of Honduras) in Honduras is the governmental institute that is responsible for educational standards in Honduras, however, the Ministry of Education does not participate in the regulation of university education. - See more at: http://www.honduras.com/honduras-education/#sthash.95tpuTJN.dpuf਀ >਀
਀㰀栀㈀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀猀挀栀甀渀洀攀砀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䴀攀砀椀挀漀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀栀㈀㸀

I understand that Mexico has mandated uniforms for all kids in school. This was reportedly done primarily because it makes it hard to tell the haves from the have-nots and gives the poor kids better feeling. I don't have confirmation of this, but one correspondent tells me: This could very well be true - living 3 miles from The Border/Tijuana and a frequent visitor into non-tourist areas from Tijuana to south of Ensenada], all school children I have seen wear uniforms. The children always look neat and tidy. Despite a lot of these children living in the most shocking conditions (plywood shacks, no running water, electricity, sewerage etc), their parents always take pride in ensuring the children are neat and clean for school.਀㰀戀爀㸀

Nicaragua

਀㰀瀀㸀 圀攀 栀愀瘀攀 漀渀氀礀 氀椀洀椀琀攀搀 椀渀昀漀爀洀愀琀椀漀渀 漀渀 一椀挀爀愀愀最甀愀⸀  䄀 攀愀爀氀礀 ㈀ 琀栀 挀攀渀琀甀爀礀 瀀栀漀琀漀最爀愀瀀栀 猀栀漀眀猀 猀挀栀漀漀氀戀漀礀猀 眀攀愀爀椀渀最 愀 洀椀氀椀琀愀爀礀 瀀攀愀欀攀搀 挀愀瀀 愀渀搀 愀 爀漀甀渀搀攀搀 栀愀琀⸀  䈀漀琀栀 戀漀礀猀 眀攀愀爀 欀渀攀攀瀀愀渀琀猀⸀  吀栀攀 戀漀礀猀 最漀 戀愀爀攀昀漀漀琀 椀渀 琀栀攀 琀爀漀瀀椀挀愀氀 挀氀椀洀愀琀攀⸀ 㰀戀爀㸀

Panama

਀㰀瀀㸀 圀攀 栀愀瘀攀 瘀攀爀礀 氀椀琀琀氀攀 椀渀昀漀爀洀愀琀椀漀渀 愀戀漀甀琀 倀愀渀愀洀愀渀椀愀渀 猀挀栀漀漀氀猀 愀琀 琀栀椀猀 琀椀洀攀⸀  圀攀 搀漀 栀愀瘀攀 漀渀攀 猀挀栀漀漀氀 瀀栀漀琀漀最爀愀瀀栀 昀爀漀洀 眀栀愀琀 氀漀漀欀猀 氀椀欀攀愀 猀攀挀漀渀愀搀礀 猀挀栀漀漀氀 椀渀 ㄀㤀㌀㜀⸀  圀攀 栀愀瘀攀 渀漀 椀渀昀漀爀洀愀琀椀漀渀 愀戀漀甀琀 琀栀攀 猀挀栀漀漀氀Ⰰ 戀甀琀 琀栀攀 戀漀礀猀 瀀椀挀琀甀爀攀 愀爀攀 眀攀愀爀椀渀最 攀氀愀戀漀爀愀琀攀 洀椀氀椀琀愀爀礀 甀渀椀昀漀爀洀猀⸀  圀攀 搀漀 渀漀琀 欀渀漀眀 椀昀 愀氀氀 琀栀攀 猀琀甀搀攀渀琀猀 眀漀爀攀 琀栀攀猀攀 甀渀椀昀漀爀洀猀 漀爀 椀昀 椀琀 愀 戀愀渀搀 漀爀 挀愀搀攀琀 最爀漀甀瀀 眀椀琀栀椀渀 琀栀攀 猀挀栀漀漀氀⸀ 㰀⼀瀀㸀 ਀㰀琀愀戀氀攀 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀  眀椀搀琀栀㴀㌀ ─ 愀氀椀最渀㴀氀攀昀琀 挀攀氀氀瀀愀搀搀椀渀最㴀㈀ 㸀 ਀         㰀琀爀㸀 ਀                     㰀琀愀戀氀攀 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀㔀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀㤀㔀─ 愀氀椀最渀㴀氀攀昀琀 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀⌀⌀㜀昀  昀昀∀  戀漀爀搀攀爀挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀䘀䘀䘀䘀  ∀㸀 ਀                                 㰀琀爀㸀 ਀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀⼀椀洀愀最攀昀⼀搀愀琀攀⼀㈀  㜀⼀ 㔀⼀愀猀甀㐀 砀ⴀ ㄀猀⸀樀瀀最∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀
਀㰀椀㸀䘀椀最甀爀攀 ㄀⸀ⴀⴀ 吀栀椀猀 氀漀漀欀猀 氀椀欀攀 愀 挀氀愀猀猀 漀昀 䄀爀最攀渀琀椀渀椀愀渀 猀挀栀漀漀氀 挀栀椀氀搀爀攀渀 ⠀瀀爀漀戀愀戀氀礀 昀椀爀猀琀 最爀愀搀攀 愀氀琀栀漀甀最栀 瀀漀猀猀椀戀氀礀 欀椀渀搀攀爀最愀爀琀攀渀 愀最攀⤀⸀  吀栀攀礀 氀漀漀欀 琀漀 戀攀 愀戀漀甀琀 㔀ⴀ㘀 礀攀愀爀猀 漀氀搀⸀  吀栀攀 瀀栀漀琀漀最爀愀瀀栀 氀漀漀欀猀 琀漀 栀愀瘀攀 戀攀攀渀 琀愀欀攀渀 椀渀 琀栀攀 ㄀㤀㐀 猀⸀  䈀漀琀栀 戀漀礀猀 愀渀搀 最椀爀氀猀 愀爀攀 爀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀攀搀⸀  吀栀攀礀 眀攀愀爀 眀栀椀琀攀 猀洀漀挀欀猀⸀ 匀漀洀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 猀洀漀挀欀猀 愀爀攀 戀攀氀琀攀搀 眀栀椀氀攀 漀琀栀攀爀猀 愀爀攀 渀漀琀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 琀栀攀礀 come down to about the upper thigh. The boys all wear short trousers, some with knee socks and others with long black stockings. One girl wears knee socks that have slipped down her leg. Another girl (on the extreme right) wears long stockings that are a bit too short and show਀栀攀爀 栀漀猀攀 猀甀瀀瀀漀爀琀攀爀 漀渀 琀栀攀 猀椀搀攀 漀昀 栀攀爀 氀攀最⸀  吀栀攀 挀栀椀氀搀爀攀渀 愀爀攀 愀瀀瀀愀爀攀渀琀氀礀 攀渀樀漀礀椀渀最 愀 爀攀挀攀猀猀 愀渀搀 搀爀椀渀欀椀渀最 挀漀挀漀愀 漀爀 猀漀洀攀 漀琀栀攀爀 眀愀爀洀 搀爀椀渀欀 昀爀漀洀 洀攀琀愀氀 挀甀瀀猀⸀  一漀琀椀挀攀 琀栀攀 戀漀礀 漀渀 琀栀攀 攀砀琀爀攀洀攀 氀攀昀琀 眀栀漀 猀攀攀洀猀 琀漀 戀攀 漀昀 䤀渀搀椀愀渀 攀砀琀爀愀挀琀椀漀渀⸀  䠀攀 眀攀愀爀猀 氀漀渀最 戀氀愀挀欀 猀琀漀挀欀椀渀最猀 甀渀搀攀爀 栀椀猀 猀栀漀爀琀猀⸀ 㰀⼀椀㸀 ਀                                 㰀⼀琀爀㸀 ਀                        㰀⼀琀愀戀氀攀㸀 ਀             㰀⼀琀爀㸀 ਀㰀⼀琀愀戀氀攀㸀 ਀㰀栀㈀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀氀愀⼀猀甀氀愀爀猀愀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀匀漀甀琀栀 䄀洀攀爀椀挀愀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀栀㈀㸀

Education was very limited in Portuguese and Spanish colonial South America and the province of the Roman Catholic Church. Here there are some differences in the Guianas. After the wars of lineration (early-19th century), liberal ideas began to circulate in South America. Progress was slow brcause of the poverty endemic in the area and the poor state of publkic fiancing. The situation was somewhat better in the Southern Cone, especially Argentina which was moving toward developing a modern economy until Col. Juan Peron and the labor unions wreked wide-spread economic damage that continues today. And without a strong, productive economy, the governments of the region cannot finance an effective educational system. Financing is not the only factor, but it is a very important one. Poor financing continues to limit education in the region. We have begun to collect some basic information about schools in South America. Here Brazil is very important because it is about half of the continent in both area and population. We have, however, not found much information on Brazil, but hopefully our readers will provide some information. We have been more successdul in finding information on the Spanish-speaking countries in South America, especially Argentina. As might be expecte, Spanish educational trends have been very influential. In Argentina, Italy seems to have been important. School children in both Argentina and Uruguay have worn white smocks and we think has also been common in Uruguay and Bolivia as well. Throughout South Anerica, public education has been underfunded and this continues to be the case today. ਀㰀戀爀㸀

Quality

਀㰀瀀㸀 伀渀攀 渀漀琀愀戀氀攀 挀栀愀爀愀挀琀攀爀椀猀琀椀挀猀 漀昀 攀搀甀挀愀琀椀漀渀 椀渀 䰀愀琀椀渀 䄀洀攀爀椀挀愀 椀猀 琀栀愀琀 琀栀攀礀 爀愀爀攀氀礀 爀愀渀欀 栀椀最栀 椀渀 椀渀琀攀爀渀愀琀椀漀氀 愀猀猀攀猀猀洀攀戀琀猀 漀昀 愀挀愀搀攀洀椀挀 愀挀栀椀攀瘀攀洀攀渀琀⸀  吀栀椀猀 洀椀最栀琀 戀攀 猀攀攀渀 愀猀 猀椀洀瀀氀礀 愀 爀攀猀甀氀琀 漀昀 琀栀攀 爀攀最椀漀渀猀✀猀 吀栀椀爀搀  圀漀爀氀搀 猀琀愀琀甀猀⸀  吀栀攀爀攀 愀爀攀 吀栀椀爀搀 圀漀爀氀搀 挀漀樀甀渀琀爀椀攀猀 琀栀愀琀 栀愀瘀攀 戀攀最甀渀 琀漀 爀攀瀀漀爀琀 瘀攀爀礀 椀洀瀀爀攀猀猀椀瘀攀 愀挀愀搀攀洀椀挀 猀琀愀渀搀愀爀搀⸀  吀栀攀猀攀 椀渀挀氀甀搀攀 䨀愀瀀愀渀 愀渀搀 琀栀攀 䄀猀椀渀 吀椀最攀爀猀 ⠀匀椀渀最愀瀀漀爀攀Ⰰ 匀漀甀琀栀 䬀漀爀攀愀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 吀愀椀眀愀渀⤀⸀  伀琀栀攀爀 䄀猀椀愀渀 挀漀甀渀琀爀椀攀猀 栀愀瘀攀 戀攀最甀渀 琀漀 爀攀瀀漀爀琀 椀洀瀀爀攀猀猀椀瘀攀 愀搀瘀愀渀挀攀猀 椀渀 愀挀愀搀攀洀椀挀 愀挀栀椀攀瘀攀洀攀渀琀⸀  吀栀椀猀 栀愀猀 渀漀琀 漀挀挀甀爀爀攀搀 椀渀 䰀愀琀椀渀 䄀洀攀爀椀挀愀⸀  䄀挀愀搀攀洀椀挀 猀琀愀渀搀愀爀搀猀 愀爀攀 昀愀爀 戀攀氀漀眀 䔀甀爀漀瀀攀愀渀 愀渀搀 一漀爀琀栀 䄀洀攀爀椀挀愀渀 猀琀愀渀搀愀爀搀猀 愀渀搀 渀漀眀 椀渀挀爀攀愀猀椀渀最氀礀 戀攀氀漀眀 猀琀愀渀搀愀爀搀猀 戀攀椀渀最 愀挀栀椀攀瘀攀搀 椀渀 䄀猀椀愀⸀  圀攀 愀爀攀 渀漀琀 猀甀爀攀 樀甀猀琀 眀栀礀 琀栀椀猀 椀猀⸀  䌀攀爀琀椀渀氀礀 昀甀渀搀椀渀最 椀猀 愀 洀愀樀漀爀 昀愀挀琀最漀爀Ⰰ 戀甀琀 猀攀瘀攀爀愀氀 䄀猀椀愀渀 挀漀甀渀琀爀椀攀 戀攀最愀渀 琀漀 爀攀瀀漀爀琀 椀洀瀀爀攀猀猀椀瘀攀 爀攀猀甀氀琀猀 戀攀昀漀爀攀 攀挀漀渀漀洀椀挀 猀椀挀攀猀猀 戀攀最愀渀 琀漀 猀椀最渀椀昀椀挀渀琀氀礀 椀渀挀爀攀愀猀攀 椀渀挀漀洀攀猀 漀爀 猀琀愀琀攀 昀甀渀搀椀渀最 昀漀爀 攀搀甀挀愀琀椀漀渀⸀  攀 栀愀瘀攀 渀漀琀 猀攀攀渀 琀栀椀猀 搀椀猀挀甀猀猀攀搀 琀漀 愀渀礀 攀砀琀攀渀琀 椀渀 琀栀攀 氀椀琀攀爀愀琀甀爀攀Ⰰ 戀甀琀 戀攀氀椀攀瘀攀 椀琀 椀猀 愀 昀愀挀琀漀爀 椀渀 琀栀攀 爀攀最椀漀渀猀✀猀 爀攀氀愀琀椀瘀攀氀礀 氀椀洀椀琀攀搀 猀甀挀攀猀猀 椀渀 搀攀瘀攀氀漀瀀椀渀最 洀漀搀爀渀 猀甀挀挀攀猀猀昀甀氀 攀挀漀渀漀洀椀攀猀⸀
਀㰀戀爀㸀
਀㰀戀爀㸀
਀㰀戀爀㸀
਀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀⼀椀洀愀最攀昀⼀最椀昀⼀昀氀愀最爀甀氀攀⸀最椀昀∀㸀㰀⼀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀
਀㰀戀爀㸀
਀㰀戀爀㸀
਀㰀倀㸀
਀㰀䌀䔀一吀䔀刀㸀

HBC-SU

਀㰀倀㸀

਀㰀⼀䌀䔀一吀䔀刀㸀㰀戀爀㸀
਀㰀戀爀㸀
਀㰀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀

Related Chronolgy Pages in the Boys' Historical Web Site
਀嬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⼀挀栀爀漀渀⼀挀㄀㠀㠀 ⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀吀栀攀 ㄀㠀㠀 猀㰀⼀愀㸀崀 [The 1930s]਀嬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⼀挀栀爀漀渀⼀挀㄀㤀㈀ ⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀吀栀攀 ㄀㤀㐀 猀㰀⼀愀㸀崀 [The 1930s]਀嬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⼀挀栀爀漀渀⼀挀㄀㤀㐀 ⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀吀栀攀 ㄀㤀㐀 猀㰀⼀愀㸀崀  [The 1950s]਀嬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⼀挀栀爀漀渀⼀挀㄀㤀㘀 ⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀吀栀攀 ㄀㤀㘀 猀㰀⼀愀㸀崀 [The 1970s]਀嬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⼀挀栀爀漀渀⼀挀㄀㤀㠀 ⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀吀栀攀 ㄀㤀㠀 猀㰀⼀愀㸀崀

਀㰀戀爀㸀
਀㰀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀

Related Style Pages in the Boys' Historical Web Site਀㰀戀爀㸀 [Long pants suits]਀嬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⼀猀琀礀氀攀⼀瀀愀渀琀猀⼀猀栀漀爀琀⼀猀栀漀爀琀瀀猀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀匀栀漀爀琀 瀀愀渀琀猀 猀甀椀琀猀㰀⼀愀㸀崀  [Socks]਀嬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⼀猀琀礀氀攀⼀猀甀椀琀⼀攀琀漀渀⼀攀琀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䔀琀漀渀 猀甀椀琀猀㰀⼀愀㸀崀 [Jacket and trousers]਀嬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⼀猀琀礀氀攀⼀猀甀椀琀⼀漀琀栀攀爀⼀戀氀愀稀攀爀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䈀氀愀稀攀爀㰀⼀愀㸀崀 [School sandals]਀㰀⼀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀
਀㰀戀爀㸀

਀㰀瀀㸀一愀瘀椀最愀琀攀 琀栀攀 䠀䈀䌀 匀挀栀漀漀氀 匀攀挀琀椀漀渀㰀戀爀㸀 [Return to Main national school page]
਀嬀刀攀琀甀爀渀 琀漀 㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⼀猀挀栀甀渀⼀猀挀栀甀渀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䴀愀椀渀 猀挀栀漀漀氀 瀀愀最攀㰀⼀愀㸀崀㰀戀爀㸀 [About Us]
਀㰀戀㸀 [Activities]਀嬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⼀猀挀栀甀渀⼀挀栀爀漀渀⼀猀甀挀栀爀漀渀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䌀栀爀漀渀漀氀漀最礀㰀⼀愀㸀崀 [Clothing styles]਀嬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⼀猀挀栀甀渀⼀挀漀甀渀琀爀礀⼀猀挀栀甀渀㄀挀漀甀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䌀漀甀渀琀爀椀攀猀㰀⼀愀㸀崀 [Debate]਀嬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⼀猀挀栀甀渀⼀攀挀漀⼀猀甀ⴀ攀挀漀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䔀挀漀渀漀洀椀挀猀㰀⼀愀㸀崀 [Garment]਀嬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⼀猀挀栀甀渀⼀最攀渀⼀猀甀ⴀ最攀渀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䜀攀渀搀攀爀㰀⼀愀㸀崀 [Hair]਀嬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⼀猀挀栀甀渀⼀栀椀猀琀⼀猀挀栀甀渀ⴀ栀椀猀琀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䠀椀猀琀漀爀礀㰀⼀愀㸀崀 [Home trends]਀嬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⼀氀椀琀⼀甀欀⼀氀攀ⴀ猀挀栀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䰀椀琀攀爀愀爀礀 挀栀愀爀愀挀琀攀爀猀㰀⼀愀㸀崀㰀戀爀㸀 [School types]਀嬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⼀猀挀栀甀渀⼀猀椀最⼀猀挀栀甀渀ⴀ猀椀最⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀匀椀最渀椀昀椀挀愀渀挀攀㰀⼀愀㸀崀 [Transport and travel਀嬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⼀猀挀栀甀渀⼀爀攀最⼀猀挀栀甀渀㈀爀攀最⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀唀渀椀昀漀爀洀 爀攀最甀氀愀琀椀漀渀猀㰀⼀愀㸀崀 [Year level]਀嬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⼀猀挀栀甀渀⼀漀琀栀⼀猀甀ⴀ漀琀栀攀爀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀伀琀栀攀爀 琀漀瀀椀挀猀㰀⼀愀㸀崀㰀戀爀㸀 [Images]਀嬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⼀氀椀渀欀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䰀椀渀欀猀㰀⼀愀㸀崀 [Registration]਀嬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⼀椀渀搀攀砀㈀愀琀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀吀漀漀氀猀㰀⼀愀㸀崀
਀嬀刀攀琀甀爀渀 琀漀 琀栀攀 㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⼀猀挀栀甀渀⼀猀挀栀甀渀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䠀椀猀琀漀爀椀挀 䈀漀礀猀✀ 匀挀栀漀漀氀 䠀漀洀攀㰀⼀愀㸀崀㰀⼀戀㸀

਀㰀戀爀㸀
਀㰀戀爀㸀 Created: June 20, 1998
਀䰀愀猀琀 甀瀀搀愀琀攀搀㨀  ㄀㄀㨀㈀  倀䴀 ㄀ ⼀㐀⼀㈀ ㄀㐀
਀㰀戀爀㸀
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਀㰀⼀戀漀搀礀㸀