Native American Tribes: The Sioux--Subtribes and Bands

Figure 1.--This Sioux (Ogala Lakota) girl was photographed in 1899. As a negative was used, the images could be produced and sold in large numbers. Her image was being sold by a New York photographer. People bought images like this for scrapbooking or other collections. At the time, lithography was just beginning to become efctive enouugh to produce high quality images that could be reproduced in books and magazines. Throughout the 19th century, people who wanted to see what images of the wirld bought cabinet cards like this or stereoscopes. We see the Oglala as lisited as a subtribe or sometimes part of the Lakota. The name mans 'dust scatters'. Today the Ogalala live primarily on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota, the eighth-largest Native American reservation in the United States. The Oglala are a federally recognized tribe whose official title is the Oglala Sioux Tribe (previously called the Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota). The Oglala dislike the name 'Sioux' because it was the name give to them by the Chippewa Nation who were historically the great enemies of the Lakota. It meant 'snake' and was a slur.

There are subtribes of the Great Sioux Nation scattered across the Great Planes of the United States and Canada. We see different lists of these divisions, complicated by the various bands which sometimes want to be considered a subtribe. The most commonly list of subtribes include: the Dakota, Lakota, and Nakota. The Dakota are also known as the Santee. There are four bands: Mdeakantonwon, Wahpeton, Wahpekute, and Sisseton. The Lakota are sometimes referred to as Teon meaning prarie dwellers. There are seven bands. Oglala They Scatter Their Own or Dust Scatters, Sicangu or Brule: Burnt Thighs, Hunkpapa End of the Circle, Miniconjous Planters Beside the Stream, Sihasapa or Blackfeet (not to be confused with the Blackfoot Tribe), Itazipacola or Sans Arcs: Without Bows; also known as Oohenupa/Two Boilings or Two Kettles. The Nakota are sometimes reffered to as the Yankton with three bands, including the Yankton, Lower Yankton, and Upper Yankton.


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Created: 10:41 PM 12/19/2016
Last updated: 10:41 PM 12/19/2016