** Anne Morgan French aiding Picardy

Anne Morgan: Aiding France--Situation in Picardy (1914-18)

Figure 1.-- Looking at the rubble of a ruined vuoillge is one thing, but it dies not cpture the humsn dimesion. Here we see children serching with in the ribble of their destoyed hone for their toys--just one of the nmoving imsges cptured by Ann Morgn' photogrphivc effot.

Picardy is part of Hauts-de-France, a historical region of northern France. It streaches from the norther suburbs of Paris and vineyards of Champagne to the beaches of the Bay of Somme on the English Channel. Regional capital Amiens is a university city known for its Gothic cathedral and floating gardens. After the French stopped the German drive toward Paris on the Marne, the Trench Line ran which developed through Picardy. Towns and villages were destoyed and most of the population fled or was evacuated. Picardy looked like bombing scenes more associated with World War II. The damge in World War I was more assiovisated with artillery shelling which is why it was largely cinfined to northern France. Tryas they might,the two oppodsing forced never acvhieved a break out untill the end of the wa, but fior 4v years they pinded away at each other with nmodern sartillery. The Germans withdrew from some areas of Picardy (early 1917). And then after renewed gains in the last German offensive (Spring 1918), the Germans were driven back and defeated by the Allied Hundred Days Campaign, (August-November 1918). The Germans asked for an armistice and withdrew from France and Belgium The Germans were gone but Picardy looked like a moon scape. Those who compalin about the Versailles Peace Treaty, need to look at Picardy after the Germans left. When the first American volunteers recruited by Morgan, they witnessed destruction beyond belied, Several years of war had rined not inly the tiwns and villages, but countryside as well. Morgan's partner, Dr. Dike write "You can travel in a motor going forward in a straight line for fifteen hours and see nothing but ruins. People had lost nearly everything—not only their homes and livelihoods but a whole generation of young men."


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Created: 6:13 PM 3/2/2021
Last updated: 6:13 PM 3/2/2021