We will archive information on individual Serbian schools here. We do not yet have a great deal of information on individual Serbian schools. Two very important schools were the Great School in Belgrade and the Gymnasium Jovan Jovanović Zmaj. We note a Residence School in Belgrade during the inter-War era, but do not yet know much about it. Residence seems to suggest a boarding school. We are not sure why the children attended a boarding school.
Communist Governments did notv permit provate schools. Communist Governments demand a mnonopoly on the ideas and informatio presented to children. After the fall of Communism in Yugoslsvia, private schools were allowed to open. One of these schools was the British International School (BIS). BIS was founded as the International High School Belgrade, which was co-founded by Aleksandra Keseroviæ and Dr. Jonathan Rider (1997). Aleksandra Keseroviæ was a Belgrade teacher and professional vocalist who received a Masters Degree in Musicology from the University of Belgrade. Dr. Rider was n American from from California. Until the school was founded lacked an English-language high school in Belgrade that could accommodate children of diplomatic corps, foreign business families, as well as local children interested in schooling in the English language and wanting to attend universities worldwide. A primary section was added later. The school offered a British curriculum and employed Brirish teaching methods.
This school was identified as the Hauptschule in Betschkerek during 1943. A Hauptschule (general school) in Germany was a secondary school beginning after the first 4 years of primary schooling. It offers a 5-6 year secondary program, but was not academically rigorous like a Realschule or Gymnasium. In Betschkerek it was probably the only German seconary school. Given the name of the school and locationm, we believe it was a school for ethnic Germans in the Banat, an area in Vojvodina, an area east of Croatia and north of Belgrade. The school was an all boys' school, common for secondary schools at the time. The photograph apparently shows a class for 13 year olds. This was nominally a part of German World War II occupied Serbia, but in fact self-rulled by the ethnic Gerams under NAZI suprvision. We believe that many schools throughout occupied Yugoslavia were closed duing the War, but ethnic Germans, many of whom cooperating with the German occupation authorities, were able to keep their schools open. Thus German schools in the Banat continued to operate. Schools in Slovenia (partitioned between Germany and Italy) and Croatia (nominally independent) also probably operated. Here we need more information. The boys are variouly dressed. Most wear suit jackets, some with Bavarian styling. They are worn with various pants, including short pants, knickers, and long pants. One boy seems to be wearing a Hitler Youthnuniform. Some of the boys wear long stockings. A few have rolled them down like knee socks. Apparently it was a warm day when the photograph was taken. A year after the photographic was taken, the Whermacht withdrew north from Greece and Yugoslavia. Most of the ethnic Germans, expecting reprisals fled with the retreating Whermacht.
We note the Putinci German school in 1928. Yugoslavia waa a multi-ethnic country. Some villiages were of mixed ethnicities. Many ethnic Germans lived in largely German villages. We do not know much about the village before World War II. Putinci (Путинци) is located in Vojvodina province. The Germans either fled from Yugoslavia after the Ware or were expelled. The village today has has a Serb ethnic majority and has a population of avbout 3,200 people (2002 census). The school in 1928 had about 30 children and we think a lady teacher. We do not know a lot about Yugoslav school policies, but believe the Germans were allowed to have schools teaching in the German language. Some classes probably had to be conducted in Serbo-Croatian. Wwe are not entirely sure about the politicalm orientation of ethnic Germans in Yugoslavoa, but after the Germany World war II occupation, many cooperated with the NAZIs.
We do not yet have much information about the Belgrade Residence School. All we know at this time is that it was a boarding school that operated during the 1920s (figure 1). Boarding schools in some countries (England, France, Germany, Switzerland, and other countries) are often fee paying private school for children from affluent families). I don't think this was the case here. Serbia suffered grevious losses during World War I. The Residence School may have been for children orphaned, or who at least lost their father, during the War. A reader in Sebia confirms that this was the case here. The school had a sailor suit uniform. We notice two styles, one wiyh a white middy blouse and another with a blue blouse. It appears to have been a boys' school.
This school portrait looks to be a small rural chool somewhere in Serbia. At at the time this was part of Yugoslavia. It lokks like the photogrph was talen in the late-1950s or early-60s. The children where their own clothes. There were no uniforms. Thee were about 20 children of carious ages. A well dressed teacher is pictured wih them. He had to teach ll the duiffernt grades. The building behind them is presumably the school. It seems rather large for such a small group. The girls wear dresses. The boys wear a variety of outfits, mostly with short pants. There is informatoon on the back whuich probalybtells us the location of the svhool, but we are unable to read it.
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