*** Chinese demographics chronology Repunblic of China







Chinese Demographics: Chronology- Republic of China (1912-48)

Chinese demographics

Figure 1.-- Here we see a scene in an unidentified village ouside Shangahai. The photograph is undated but kooks like is was taken in the late-1940s. I think they are selling chessnuts.

The Republic of China was created (1912). The Imperial regime after millennia finally overthrown. . The Xinhai Revolution ended the Qing (Manchu) Dynasty. Four decades is a very short period, especially when discussing demographics. They were, however, a tumultuous four decades -- in fact some of the most tumultuous decades in Chinese history with tremendous dislocations and loss of life. The period encompassed the Xinhai Revolution (1912), World War I (1914-18) suppression if the warlords (1916-28), the Civil War (1927-49), and the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-45) which merged into World War II. While the loss of life in some of these conflicts was minor, the Civil War and the Second Sino-Japanese War were major events resulting in the deaths of tens of millions. The Chinese Republic sought to modernize China, especially under the Kuomintang (KMT) which pushed industrialization. And allowed to continue this process might have evolved into what is today's Taiwan, a modern democratic progressive state with European-like demographics. But the shock of the Japanese invasion truncated what progress was being made. The KMT was weakened by not only the barbarity of Japanese invaders, but the famine which beset China after the Japanese seized large areas of China's most productive agricultural land. 【Collingham】 This tarnished the image of the KMT irretrievably, making the Communist victory possible. The demographic impact is difficult to assess. The Republican era was very short. And with a massive population, even the loss of tens of millions while horrific in personal terms was not catastrophic in demographic terms.

Sources

Collingham. Lizzie. The Taste of War: World War II and the Battle for Food<.i> (2013).







HBC






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Created: 2:20 PM 5/26/2024
Last updated: 2:20 PM 5/26/2024