We do not yet have much information on individual Filipino schools. Hopefully our Filipino readers will provide us some information about the schools they attended. One reader has sent us a photograph of a rural school built by the Americans at Anao in Ifugaos Province during the 1920s. This was one of many schools opened by American authorities throughtout the Phillipines. For most Filipinos these werre the first schools ever built in their communities. The photo shows a group of children in front of the school at Anao. The photograph information clearly specifies Ifugaos Province. This is a provonce in northern Luzon. There ia an Anao in Tarlac Privince to the south, but this Anao was in Ifugaos. This was Hingyon municipality.
A major accomplishment bod\f the Americans was setting the boundaries of the five ethnic groups in the Mountain Province. The principal goal of the American administrators was to develop natural resources. Farming and industries were also developed. Authorities organized the building of schools and roads throughout the Province. Ifugao was not affected by the fighting when the Japanese invaded and occupied Luzon (DEcember 1941). This was not the case when the Americans landed on Luzon to liberate the Philippines. General Yamashita withdrew to the mountaneous areas of norther Luzon to stage a lst ditch defense. This included Ifugao, particularly Mt. Napulawan in the municipality of Hungduan. Here at the Anao School the boys are wearing loincloths, most of them also shirts. The three girls wear dresses. In traditional areas it was often difficult to convince parents to send girls to school.
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